The EU pursues two main types of policies towards the rest of the world: economic policies, through trade agreements and development and humanitarian aid; and foreign and security policies, through the Common Foreign and Security Policy (CFSP) and defence policy cooperation. This chapter seeks to understand and explain why the EU is able to act with a single voice on the global stage on some issues but not others. To help answer this question we shall first consider some theoretical issues in the fields of international relations (IR) and international political economy.
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