Perestroika and the Immediate Causes of the Voluntary Sector’s Emergence

  • Anne White


Chapters 2 and 3 surveyed the socio-political problems in the areas of welfare and ‘voluntary’ work which contributed to the sense of impending crisis by 1985. The creation of a voluntary sector was a response to these, but it could not have come into being without Gorbachev and perestroika. This chapter discusses factors characterizing the Gorbachev period which promoted the emergence of voluntary organizations after 1985.


Welfare State Disable People Voluntary Organization Voluntary Sector Rescue Team 
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  1. 5.
    Matthews (1989) p. 29.Google Scholar
  2. 7.
    Jacobs (10.8.90) pp. 3–4. On the pension law, see also Powell in Jones, Connor and Powell (eds), op. cit., pp. 186–7.Google Scholar
  3. 8.
    Vsesoyuznaya organizatsiya veteranov voiny i truda. Its charter is in Trud, 28.12.86, 2. On its goals — the chief of which was patriotic education — see Izgarshev. See also Matthews, ‘Perestroika and the rebirth of charity’, in Jones, Connor and Powell (eds) p. 158. On party membership of deputies, see election results in Izvestiya, 5.4.89, 2–12.Google Scholar
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Copyright information

© Anne White 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • Anne White
    • 1
  1. 1.University of BathUK

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