Perestroika and the Immediate Causes of the Voluntary Sector’s Emergence

  • Anne White

Abstract

Chapters 2 and 3 surveyed the socio-political problems in the areas of welfare and ‘voluntary’ work which contributed to the sense of impending crisis by 1985. The creation of a voluntary sector was a response to these, but it could not have come into being without Gorbachev and perestroika. This chapter discusses factors characterizing the Gorbachev period which promoted the emergence of voluntary organizations after 1985.

Keywords

Migration Depression Europe Income Paral 

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Notes

  1. 5.
    Matthews (1989) p. 29.Google Scholar
  2. 7.
    Jacobs (10.8.90) pp. 3–4. On the pension law, see also Powell in Jones, Connor and Powell (eds), op. cit., pp. 186–7.Google Scholar
  3. 8.
    Vsesoyuznaya organizatsiya veteranov voiny i truda. Its charter is in Trud, 28.12.86, 2. On its goals — the chief of which was patriotic education — see Izgarshev. See also Matthews, ‘Perestroika and the rebirth of charity’, in Jones, Connor and Powell (eds) p. 158. On party membership of deputies, see election results in Izvestiya, 5.4.89, 2–12.Google Scholar
  4. 12.
    Interview with V. and D. Lytkin, Novosibirsk Miloserdie, 1989; Matthews, ‘Perestroika’, op. cit.Google Scholar
  5. 19.
    Polozhenie p. 94; Harwin (1996) pp. 70–1 on the 1987 resolution.Google Scholar
  6. 49.
    Valer’yanov. Vsesoyuznaya assotsiatsiya spetsialistov po okhrane truda, founded late May 1990. (There already existed organizations in Leningrad, Kharkov and Primorskii krai.)Google Scholar
  7. 53.
    Jacobs (31.8.90) p. 6.Google Scholar
  8. 58.
    Vechernii Novosibirsk, 10.7.90, 1 and 13.2.90, 3.Google Scholar
  9. 60.
    See e.g. Goryunov; Sobesednik no. 52, 1987.Google Scholar
  10. 61.
    See e.g. Galeotti (1995) pp. 104–7.Google Scholar
  11. 68.
    Vechernii Novosibirsk, 13.2.90, 2.Google Scholar
  12. 77.
    Chesnokova (21.11.89); ‘“Opora”’.Google Scholar
  13. 85.
    Matthews (1992) pp. 61–2.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Anne White 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • Anne White
    • 1
  1. 1.University of BathUK

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