In chapter 4 symbols representing speech sounds appeared either between squared brackets or between slashes. It is the usual practice to use the former when referring to the speech sound produced by a particular articulatory combination and the latter when referring to the actual sound realized in a given context. We might, for example, read that the sound [k] is a voiceless velar plosive and that the /k/ in the English word kill, is articulated further forward than the /k/ in the English word cull.
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