Advertisement

The National Assistance Board and the ‘Rediscovery’ of Poverty

Chapter
Part of the Contemporary History in Context book series (CHIC)

Abstract

This chapter reports for the first time on a unique review of the adequacy of the United Kingdom’s social assistance benefit levels, carried out in the early 1960s. Even before the foundation of the Child Poverty Action Group (CPAG) in 1965, an increasing number of reports were publicly ‘rediscovering’ the persistence of poverty. They were also suggesting that the incomes of recipients of National Assistance (NA) were inadequate, in the sense that they were insufficient to meet national standards of minimal social participation.1 The review was the means by which the National Assistance Board (NAB) privately sought to test these criticisms. Its singularity is that it is the only empirical study of adequacy ever carried out by officials within a government department, as opposed to external researchers. Perhaps because it confirmed that the social reforms of the 1945 Labour Government had not abolished poverty, the report was neither published nor subsequently referred to.2 No further attempt to test the adequacy of income maintenance benefits, or even to set adequacy standards, has been made by any UK government to the present day.

Keywords

Social Security Poverty Line National Assistance Benefit Level Regional Controller 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Notes

  1. 3.
    J. Veit-Wilson, ‘Muddle or mendacity? The Beveridge Committee and the Poverty Line’, Journal of Social Policy, 21 (3), 269–301, 1992.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 6.
    National Assistance Board, Improvements in National Assistance, Cmnd 782 (London: HMSO, 1959).Google Scholar
  3. 12.
    National Assistance Board, Annual Report 1965 Cmnd 3042 (London: HMSO, 1966), p. xi.Google Scholar
  4. 18.
    T. Lynes, National Assistance and National Prosperity (Welwyn: Codicote Press, 1962)Google Scholar
  5. P. Townsend, ‘The Meaning of Poverty’, British Journal of Sociology 18(3), 210–227, 1962; Abel-Smith and Townsend, The Poor.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 118.
    D. Cole with J. Utting, The Economic Circumstances of Old People, (Welwyn: Codicote Press, 1962).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 1999

Authors and Affiliations

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations