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Foreign Ministries in National and European Context

  • David Spence
Part of the Studies in Diplomacy book series

Abstract

This chapter focuses on two underlying themes of this book: the increasingly contested notion that foreign ministries, embassies and diplomats are the sole or the most apt defenders of national interests abroad and the issue of whether governments and foreign affairs administrations have reacted consciously and strategically to several fundamental changes to the diplomatic agenda.1 Diplomats are wont to stress the continuity rather than the change in the diplomat’s role,2 yet they are virtually all, nevertheless, engaged in reviews and studies which underline the fact that change is the order of the day. In the Member States of the EU, there is a distinct additional context to this change. A series of unparalleled new tasks and challenges for European foreign ministries have arisen as a result of two specific foreign ministry responsibilities: the coordination of domestic ministries’ affairs for EU business and participation in the European Common Foreign and Security Policy. This chapter describes and analyzes the developments involved.

Keywords

Member State Foreign Policy Security Policy Foreign Ministry Lead Ministry 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Notes

  1. 2.
    For an academic defence of this thesis, see G. R. Berridge, Diplomacy: Theory and Practice (London: Prentice Hall/Harvester Wheatsheaf, 1995).Google Scholar
  2. 4.
    H. Wallace, ‘Towards the European regulatory state’, Journal of European Public Policy 3:4, 1996, p. 575.Google Scholar
  3. 5.
    See S. Mazey and J. Richardson A European policy style? in S. Mazey and J. Richardson eds, Lobbying in the European Community (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1993), pp. 246–57.Google Scholar
  4. 6.
    G. Robertson, ‘Britain in the New Europe’, International Affairs 66:4, 1990, p. 699.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 8.
    W. Wallace, Britain’s Bilateral Links Within Western Europe, (London: Royal Institute of International Affairs/Routledge, 1984).Google Scholar
  6. 9.
    See D. Spence, ‘The coordination of EU policy by Member States’ in M. Westlake ed., The Council of Ministers (London: Cartermill 1996).Google Scholar
  7. 14.
    See, in particular, C. Lequesne, Paris-Bruxelles: Comment se fait la Politique Européenne de la France (Paris: Fondation Nationale des Sciences Politiques, 1993).Google Scholar
  8. 15.
    See L. Metcalfe, ‘Comparing Policy Co-ordination Systems: Do the Differences Matter?’ unpublished paper to the Fifth Erenstein Colloquium 30–31 October 1987 and L. Metcalfe and E. Zapico Goni, Action or reacation? The role of national administration in European policy-making (London: Sage, 1991).Google Scholar
  9. 16.
    S. Nuttall, European Political Cooperation (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1992).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 25.
    On the painful evolution of foreign policymaking in the EU framework with particular emphasis on the Commission’s gradual involvement in the process, see S. Nuttall, The Commission and Foreign Policy-making in G. Edwards and D. Spence The European Commission, (2nd edn) (London: Cartermill, 1997).Google Scholar
  11. F. Cameron, ‘Where the Commission comes in: from the Single European Act to Maastricht’, in E. Regelsberger, P. de Schoutheete, W. Wessells, Foreign Policy of the European Union, (London: Rienner, 1997).Google Scholar
  12. 26.
    The concept of actor capability is discussed in G. Sjoestadt, The External Role of the European Community (London: Saxon House, 1977).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • David Spence

There are no affiliations available

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