The Justification of Democracy
To justify a practice like democracy is to show either how the practice conforms to a principle or how the consequences of the practice lead to a state of affairs that can be judged good in principled terms. In this chapter I want to consider what kind of justification may be offered for a belief in democracy as a form of government superior to others. For the purposes of this chapter, then, I shall treating the competing conceptions of democracy that I identified in the previous chapter as members of the same class, contrasting the notion of democratic government, whatever specific form it takes, with that of non-democratic government. At this stage, therefore, I shall be laying greater stress on what elements these varying conceptions have in common than on the features that distinguish them.
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