Regionalization in Response to Polarizing Globalization
Regionalization is an ambiguous concept. It may be designed as a subsystem submitted to the rationale of globalization, or as a substitute to it, or as a building block for a reconstruction of a different global system. This last view is the one which I shall defend here. This chapter develops the thesis that the building of large integrated regions in the Third World — particularly in Africa and the Arab world, but also in Latin America and South East Asia — is the only efficient response to the challenges of a continuously deepening polarization generated by the capitalist globalization processes. This response commands in its turn the type of regionalization needed, as well as the patterns through which the relationship between the regions and the global system are to be organized, with a view to curving the evolution of that system towards reducing polarization. It encompasses simultaneously the designing of correct economic strategies of delinking to be considered in the frame of those large regions and the responses to the political security problems, as well as to the challenges associated with ethnic and cultural diversities.
KeywordsGlobal System World System Arab World World Order World Scale
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