The Struggle over Transboundary Freshwater Resources: Social and Economic Conflict in the Appropriation and Use of Water along the US-Mexico Border
Recent international attention regarding water resources has focused on their scarcity and uneven distribution in several parts of the world. Some studies suggest that as many as 80 countries, representing 40 per cent of the world’s population, already suffer from serious water shortages in some regions or at some times during the year.2 Water is a fundamental resource to all environmental and societal processes, and disputes over transboundary water resources are increasingly leading to international conflict in several regions of the world. However, efforts to create a general (customary) international law and a forum to solve international water disputes — most notably by the International Law Commission sponsored by the United Nations, the Institut de Droit International, the Second International Water Tribunal, and the International Law Association — are still limited. Most agreements concerning shared water resources are bilateral and relate to specific rivers that form or cross boundaries, or to lakes that straddle borders. These controversies are best resolved when the bilateral relations between the states concerned are otherwise good, when it is in their mutual interest to reach agreement, or when the asymmetry between the states involved is clearly defined and the more powerful state decides to end the dispute.3
KeywordsIncome Assure Sewage Como Cali
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- Blomquist, W. (1992) Dividing the Waters: Governing Groundwater in Southern California (San Francisco: ICS Press).Google Scholar
- Gleick, P. (1993) ‘Water in the 21st Century’, in P. Gleick (ed.), Water in Crisis: A Guide to the World’s Fresh Water Resources (New York: Oxford University Press).Google Scholar
- Greenberg, A. (1993) ‘The Quality of Water’, in T. Palmer (ed.), California’s Threatened Environment: Restoring the Dream (Washington, DC: Island Press).Google Scholar
- Palmer, T. (1993) ‘A Great Number of People’, in T. Palmer (ed.) California’s Threatened Environment: Restoring the Dream (Washington, DC: Island Press).Google Scholar