Developing an Alliance: The Soviet Union and Vietnam, 1954–75
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On 21 July 1954 at the former headquarters of the League of Nations, the Palais des Nations in Geneva, delegates of the nine states participating in the conference on Indo-China gathered for the final plenary session. This session crowned an almost three-month-long marathon of hard negotiations, back-stage activities, secret meetings and public declarations with an agreement on settlement of the conflict in Indo-China. As in the days of the League of Nations, the great powers, now Great Britain, France, the USSR, the Unites States and the People’s Republic of China (PRC), played a decisive role in defining prospects of the future peace in the faraway region; as before, the United States refused to associate itself with the conference’s final documents.
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Notes and References
- 1.For the details on the 1954 Geneva conference on Indo-China and for an analysis of its final documents see Robert F. Randle, Geneva 1954: The Settlement of the Indochinese War (Princeton, 1969 ).Google Scholar
- 2.David L. Anderson, Trapped by Success: The Eisenhower Administration and Vietnam, 1953–1961 (New York, 1991) p. 63.Google Scholar
- 3.See, for example, Anthony Eden, Full Circle: The Memoirs of Anthony Eden (Boston, 1960);Google Scholar
- 3.Francois Joyaux, La Chine et le règlement du premier conflict d’Indochine (Genève 1954) ( Paris, 1979 ); Randle, op. cit.Google Scholar
- 8.Final Declaration on Indochina, 21 July 1954. Lloyd C. Gardner, Approaching Vietnam. From World War II Through Dienbienphu (New York, 1988) appendix, p. 416.Google Scholar
- 19.James R. Arnold, The First Domino: Eisenhower, the Military, and America’s Intervention in Vietnam (New York, 1991) pp. 307–8.Google Scholar
- 29.Robert S. McNamara with Brian Van De Mark, In Retrospect: The Tragedy and Lessons of Vietnam (New York, 1995) pp. 131–8.Google Scholar
- 36.Douglas Pike, Vietnam and the Soviet Union: Anatomy of an Alliance (London, 1987) pp. 56-Google Scholar