Regulation and Control: Explaining the Decline of Food Production in Java, 1940–6
The Japanese occupation of Java caused a major upheaval, but the overall extent of the economic turmoil is difficult to assess in the absence of concise indicators of economic activity throughout Java during these ominous years. In the 1930s the colonial government used food production as a major indicator to monitor economic development in Java, on the grounds that most people in Java were employed in farm agriculture,1 and since extensive production data do exist for the six main food crops in Java for each of the years 1940-6, these figures can at least suggest overall trends in economic activity.2
KeywordsMaize Transportation Income Milling Marketing
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