Military Preparedness and the Emergence of the New Citizen Army: 1909–1914

  • Ronald J. Barr


American politics between 1909 and 1914 were dominated by increasing division between Progressive and Neo-Hamiltonian Republicans. The philosophical and policy differences between these two groups temporarily disrupted the Republican electoral pre-eminence over the Democratic Party. Neo-Hamiltonian Republicans, many personally friendly to Roosevelt, rejected his domestic reform program which called for further Federal government control over the economy. Increasingly Root, Lodge and others sided with the conservative Taft. The new president was satisfied with existing Federal government power and sought to implement existing legislation. In military affairs, Neo-Hamiltonian ideas of national management controlled by professionals retained their dominant influence. Meanwhile US intervention in Central America, the naval arms race, and the collapse of central government in China underlined the importance of asserting American influence world-wide.


Diary Entry National Archive Republican Party National Guard Panama Canal 
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Copyright information

© Ronald J. Barr 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ronald J. Barr

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