Events such as internal wars, the collapse of state functions, and dire economic privations have driven increasing numbers from home surroundings and across borders. Regardless of origin, these problems have been magnified in scale, complexity and controversy. Refugee issues are far-reaching on account of the numbers forced to flee and consequential dislocations sustained to family connections, human rights, entitlements of children, and those made vulnerable through age, infirmity, trauma of conflict, or catastrophic dislocation. Factors causing flight are often diverse, but prominently include gross persecution inflamed by loss of land, poverty, denied relief, and severe post-conflict social dislocation. Rarely do such forces work alone when uprooting people and forcing them to flee beyond borders. This dynamic is also related to the international system: the refugee phenomenon has been described as ‘one of the most tangible manifestations of the aftermath of the Cold War’.1


Asylum Seeker Refugee Status Khmer Rouge Economic Migrant Eastern Economic Review 
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Copyright information

© Roderic Alley 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • Roderic Alley
    • 1
  1. 1.Victoria University of WellingtonNew Zealand

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