Kenya

  • Deon Geldenhuys

Abstract

The end of the Cold War had a profound effect on both the domestic political arrangements and international fortunes of Kenya. Its authoritarian Government had long seemed firmly entrenched and relatively free of serious internal challenge, and elevated above external censure. After 1990, it quickly became vulnerable on both fronts. The disappearance of the East–West divide undermined Kenya’s status as a Western ally, a role that had previously helped to shield it against critical Western attention over its undemocratic ways. The spectre of their own rulers standing accused in the dock of Western opinion, together with the liberation of scores of repressed peoples elsewhere, galvanized internal opponents of the Kenyan government.

Keywords

Maize Economic Crisis Europe Petroleum Marketing 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Notes

  1. 1.
    ‘KANU, the ruling party’, The Courier, No. 130, November-December 1991, p. 14, and Joel D. Barkan, ‘Kenya: Lessons from a flawed election’, Journal of Democracy, Vol. 4(3), July 1993, p. 87. Also see Guy Arnold, Kenyatta and the Politics of Kenya, J.M. Dent & Sons, London, 1974, and Arthur Hazelwood, The Economy of Kenya: The Kenyatta Period, Oxford University Press, Oxford, 1979.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 4.
    James Kariuki, ‘“Paramoia”: Anatomy of a dictatorship in Kenya’, Journal of Contemporary African Studies, Vol. 14(1), 1996, p. 70. Also see The Guardian, 13 September 1990. 5. Joel D. Barkan, pp. 87–90.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 8.
    Samuel M. Makinda, ‘Kenya: Out of the straitjacket, slowly’, The World Today, Vol. 48(10), October 1992, p. 188, and John Lonsdale, ‘The political culture of Kenya’, in Politics in Kenya, Occasional Papers 37, Centre of African Studies, Edinburgh University, 1992, p. 1.Google Scholar
  4. 9.
    Holly Burkhalter and Rakiya Omaar, p. 28; Harold D. Nelson (ed.), Kenya: A Country Study, Foreign Area Studies, American University, Washington DC, 1984; ‘US maintains pressures’, AED, 13 August 1990, p. 11, and ‘Hempstone makes waves’, The Weekly Review, 17 August 1990, pp. 17–18.Google Scholar
  5. 27.
    Joel D. Barkan, p. 90, and Holly Burkhalter, ‘Dances with State’, Africa Report, Vol. 36(3), May-June 1991, p. 54.Google Scholar
  6. 40.
    Quoted by Colin Legum, ‘Kenya: Britain backs the Moi regime’, Colin Legums Third World Reports, 18 September 1991, p. 1. Also see ‘Hurd sits on the fence’, Africa Analysis, 20 September 1991, p. 3.Google Scholar
  7. 44.
    Peter Biles, ‘Yearning for democracy’, Africa Report, Vol. 36(6), November-December 1991, p. 33, and The Star, 11 September 1991.Google Scholar
  8. 77.
    Frank Holmquist and Michael Ford, ‘Stalling political change: Moi’s way in Kenya’, Current History, Vol. 94(591), April 1995, p. 177.Google Scholar
  9. 95.
    Quoted by Gisela Geisler, ‘The 1992 Kenyan election observation’, Security Dialogue, Vol. 25(1), March 1994, p. 115.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 122.
    Richard Walker, ‘Kenya: Recent history’, Africa South of the Sahara 1995, Europa Publications, London, 1995, p. 490, and Frank Holmquist and Michael Ford, p. 178.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Deon Geldenhuys 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • Deon Geldenhuys
    • 1
  1. 1.Rand Afrikaans UniversityJohannesburgSouth Africa

Personalised recommendations