Advertisement

Abstract

It has been argued throughout this book that presidents are entitled to be judged on their own terms rather than on those preferred by their political opponents, media pundits or academics. As a guardian president Bush expressed boundless faith in the American political and economic system.1 Furthermore, in contrast to reforming presidents of the past like Wilson, the two Roosevelts and Johnson, he regarded extensions of the role of government without enthusiasm. He shared Eisenhower’s belief that presidents had a responsibility ‘to restrain and limit government, not to force it to fulfil any great mission or obligation.’2

Keywords

Foreign Policy North American Free Trade Agreement Domestic Policy Grand Design Political Expediency 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Notes

  1. 1.
    See, for example, George Bush, Looking Forward ( London: The Bodley Head, 1988 ), p. 193.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Alan Brinkley, as quoted in Robert J. Samuelson, ‘There’s Good Reason To Like Ike,’ Washington Post National Weekly Edition, 22–28 October 1990, p. 31.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    R. W. Apple, ‘In the Capital’, New York Times, 29 March 1989, p. A16.Google Scholar
  4. 5.
    Michael Mandelbaum, ‘The Bush Foreign Policy’, Foreign Policy, Spring 1991, Vol. 70, pp. 5–22.Google Scholar
  5. 6.
    Michael Elliott, ‘The Gipper vs the Evil Empire’, Washington Post National Weekly Edition, 22–28 August 1994, p. 35.Google Scholar
  6. 7.
    Michael Beschloss and Strobe Talbott, At the Highest Levels: The Inside Story of the End of the Cold War ( Boston: Little Brown, 1993 ), p. 469.Google Scholar
  7. 8.
    See James MacGregor Burns, The Power to Lead ( New York: Simon & Schuster, 1984 ), p. 16.Google Scholar
  8. 14.
    See Jonathan Rauch, ‘The Regulatory President’, National Journal, 30 November 1991, pp. 2902–2906Google Scholar
  9. 14.
    and Matthew P. Weinstock, ‘Running On His Record’, Occupational Hazards, October 1992, Vol. 54, pp. 75–79.Google Scholar
  10. 15.
    Pierre Kim, ‘From Carter to Reagan to Bush’, Policy Review, No. 63, Winter 1993, pp. 18–19.Google Scholar
  11. 17.
    See Charles Kolb, White House Daze: The Unmaking of Domestic Policy in the Bush Years (New York: The Free Press, 1994), p. 73Google Scholar
  12. 17.
    and John Podhoretz, Hell of a Ride: Backstage at the White House Follies 1989–1993 ( New York: Simon & Schuster, 1993 ), p. 227.Google Scholar
  13. 18.
    See David O’Brien, ‘The Reagan Judges: His Most Enduring Legacy’, in Charles O. Jones, The Reagan Legacy ( Chatham NJ: Chatham House, 1988 ).Google Scholar
  14. 20.
    Neil A. Lewis, ‘Selection of Conservative Judges Insures a Presidential Legacy’, New York Times, 1 July 1992.Google Scholar
  15. 22.
    Joan Biskupic, ‘The Reagan-Bush Court Is Back To Keep The Nation Guessing’, Washington Post National Weekly Edition, 12–18 October 1992, p. 32.Google Scholar
  16. 23.
    Ruth Marcus, ‘It’s All in the Interpretation for Justices Souter and Thomas’, Washington Post National Weekly Edition, 13–19 July 1992, p. 31.Google Scholar
  17. 25.
    Jeremy Rabkin, ‘At the President’s Side: The Role of the White House Counsel in Constitutional Policy’, Law and Contemporary Problems, Vol. 56, No. 4, Autumn 1993, pp. 63–98.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 25.
    John E. Yang and Sharon Lafraniere, ‘George Bush’s Eminence Grise’, Washington Post National Weekly Edition, 2–8 December 1991, p. 14.Google Scholar
  19. 26.
    Charles Tiefer, The Semi-Sovereign Presidency ( Boulder, Colo.: Westview Press, 1994 ), p. 34.Google Scholar
  20. 28.
    Neil Lewis, ‘Turning Loyalty and Service to Bush Into Power as Presidential Counsel’, New York Times, 12 December 1990, p. B12.Google Scholar
  21. 31.
    David Broder, ‘Getting Government Moving Again’, Washington Post National Weekly Edition, 7–13 September 1992, p. 4.Google Scholar
  22. 32.
    David Broder, ‘Bush Showed He Can Fight, but Does He Know How to Lead’, Washington Post National Weekly Edition, 20–26 March 1989, p. 23.Google Scholar
  23. 33.
    Robin Toner, ‘For Bush and Congress, Some Spirited Battles But No Full Scale War’, New York Times, 9 August 1989, p. B6.Google Scholar
  24. 36.
    Samuel Kernell, Going Public: New Strategies of Presidential Leadership (Washington DC: CQ Press, 1986), Chapter 2 passim.Google Scholar
  25. 38.
    Quoted in Andrew Rosenthal, ‘Bush in a World Remade’, New York Times, 25 June 1992, p. Al.Google Scholar
  26. 39.
    Robert Novak, ‘How George Bush May Snatch Defeat From the Jaws of Victory’, Washington Post National Weekly Edition, 24–30 August 1992, p. 23.Google Scholar
  27. 43.
    Terry Eastland, Energy in the Executive ( New York: The Free Press, 1992 ), pp. 53–54.Google Scholar
  28. 55.
    Theodore Lowi, The Personal Presidency ( Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1985 ), p. 59.Google Scholar
  29. 57.
    For the advantages of simplicity in political rhetoric see John Lewis Gaddis, The United States and the End of the Cold War ( Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1992 ), p. 131.Google Scholar
  30. 59.
    Keith Schneider ‘Bush on the Environment: A Record of Contradictions’, New York Times, 4.July 1992, p. Al.Google Scholar
  31. 61.
    For some of the arguments in favour of balance in such matters see C. Boyden Gray and David B. Rivkin, ‘A “No Regrets” Environmental Policy’, Foreign Policy, No. 83, Summer 1991, pp. 47–65.Google Scholar
  32. 62.
    George Will, ‘A Figure of Genuine Pathos’, Washington Post National Weekly Edition, 3–9 August 1992, p. 29.Google Scholar
  33. 63.
    Michael Duffy and Dan Goodgame, Marching in Place: The Status Quo Presidency of George Bush ( New York: Simon & Schuster, 1992 ), Chapter 1.Google Scholar
  34. 66.
    Gail Sheehy, Character: America’s Search for Leadership ( New York: Bantam Books, 1990 ), p. 198.Google Scholar
  35. 67.
    Interview with C. Boyden Gray. The articles in question were Ruth Marcus, ‘What Does Bush Really Believe?; Civil Rights Record Illustrates Shifts’,The Washington Post, 18 August 1992, p. AlGoogle Scholar
  36. 67.
    and Jefferson Morley, ‘Bush and the Blacks: An Unknown Story’, New York Review of Books, 16 January 1992, pp. 19–26.Google Scholar
  37. 75.
    Dan Goodgame, ‘Trumpeting Victory in Retreat’, Time (International Edition), 2 December 1991, pp. 68–69.Google Scholar
  38. 75.
    William Raspberry, ‘Bush’s Missing Drummer’, Washington Post National Weekly Edition, 2–8 December 1991, p. 29. Kolb, op. cit., p. 258.Google Scholar
  39. 75.
    For the opposite view that the Democrats ‘beat a total retreat on quotas’ see C. Boyden Gray, ‘Civil Rights: We Won, They Capitulated’, Washington Post National Weekly Edition, 18–24 November 1991, p. 29.Google Scholar
  40. 81.
    Robert Shogan, The Riddle of Power: Presidential Leadership From Truman to Bush ( New York: Dutton, 1991 ), p. 264.Google Scholar
  41. 82.
    Quoted in Martin Walker and Simon Tisdall, ‘Bush Says Sorry For Tax U-turn’, The Guardian (London), 4 March 1992, p. 1.Google Scholar
  42. 83.
    Michael Duffy, ‘Is Bush Getting a Free Ride’, Time (International Edition), 27 April 1992, pp. 43–45.Google Scholar
  43. 86.
    See Joshua Muravchik ‘Why the Democrats Finally Won’, Commentary, Vol. 95, January 1993, pp. 17–22.Google Scholar
  44. 87.
    John Mueller, Policy and Opinion in the Gulf War ( Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1994 ), p 336.Google Scholar
  45. 88.
    Michael Nelson (ed.), The Elections of 1992 ( Washington DC: CQ Press, 1993 ), p. 81.Google Scholar
  46. 94.
    Dan Qyale, Standing Firm ( New York: Harper Collins, 1994 ), p. 355.Google Scholar
  47. 95.
    Maureen Dowd, ‘A Presidency Lost: Bush and Campaign Were Out of Touch’, International Herald Tribune, 6 November 1992, p. 1.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© David Mervin 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • David Mervin
    • 1
  1. 1.University of WarwickUK

Personalised recommendations