Sustainable Development in Africa in the 1990s and Beyond: Meeting the Challenge



In the eyes of the world and of its own citizens Africa has come to symbolize a continent in which development has increasingly become an elusive goal in a region which seems to be destined to live forever on the edge of survival. Suffice it to observe that the decade of the 1980s, during which the rest of the world community galloped ahead, has come to be fashionably dubbed the “lost decade for Africa”. During this period the African economies barely managed to grow at an average rate of 2 per cent per annum and average per capita income dropped by a quarter. The human and social conditions of the majority of the African people worsened considerably.


Sustainable Development African Country Hazardous Waste United Nations Environment Programme Global Environmental Facility 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Harrison, Paul, The Greening of Africa, an IIED-Earthscan Study, London: Paladin Grafton Books, 1989, p. 172.Google Scholar
  2. Grainger, Alan, The Threatening Desert, London: Earthscan, 1990, p. 126.Google Scholar
  3. Rasheed, Sadig, “Africa at the Doorsteps of the 21st Century: Can Crises be Turned into An Opportunity” in Adebayo Adedeji (ed), Africa within the World: Beyond Dispossession and Dependence, London: Zed Books, 1993.Google Scholar
  4. Cornia, G. A., R. Jolly and F. Stewart, Adjustment with a Human Face, Oxford: Oxford Univ. Press, October 1991Google Scholar
  5. Adedeji A., Rasheed, Morisson (eds), The Human Dimension of Africa's Persistent Economic Crisis, London: Hans Zell, 1990.Google Scholar
  6. Adams, Patricia, The World Bank and the IMF in Sub-Saharan Africa, op.cit.,pp. 97-98; 114-115.Google Scholar
  7. World Bank, World Development Report, 1990, Oxford: Oxford Univ. Press.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© OSSREA 1998

Authors and Affiliations

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations