Advertisement

Restoring the Land: Environment and Change in a Non-Racial, Democratic South Africa

A Socio-historical Investigation into Rural Underdevelopment, Environmental Decline and Modalities of Transformation
  • Dominic Milazi
Chapter
  • 24 Downloads

Abstract

The United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED) held in 1992 in Rio de Janerio constitutes an event of great interest to South Africans insofar as it sought to create the political mechanisms through which the world community might be able to “set the planet on a new course towards global sustainable development” (UNCED 1992:1–18). At the core of the conference deliberations was the focus on the "environmental" problems involving the interface between human beings and the rest of the ecosystem. A significant commitment here rests on the meaningful steps to be taken, to assure that the world will be able to deal with "environmental problems" that will have both human causes and human consequences. The South African environmental situation is by no means exempted from the implications of these deliberations.

Keywords

Rural Area Rural Development Informal Settlement African National Congress Forced Removal 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Africa News (1991) South Africa Grapples with Land Issue, 34(6): 1-3.Google Scholar
  2. ANC (African National Congress) (1992) Draft Policy Guidelines, 27 April.Google Scholar
  3. Beinart, W. (1973) Peasant Production, Underdevelopment and the Traditionalist Response in Pondoland, 1880-1930. M.A. Thesis, University of London.Google Scholar
  4. Brand, S. S. et al. (1991) Agriculture and Redistribution: A Growth with Equity Approach, Unpublished paper, Development Bank of Southern Africa.Google Scholar
  5. Brueggemann, W. (1977) The Land, Place as Gift, Promise and Challenge in Biblical Faith, Philadelphia: Fortress Press.Google Scholar
  6. Bundy, C. (1972) The Emergence and Decline of a South African Peasantry, African Affairs 71.Google Scholar
  7. Classens, A. (1985) Rural Struggles in the Transvaal in the 1980s, in C. Murray and C. O. Regan, No Place to Rest: Forced Removals in South Africa, Cape Town: Oxford Univ. Press.Google Scholar
  8. Classens, A. (1990) Land Policy: Seeking a Common Framework in Local Struggles, Sash, 33(1).Google Scholar
  9. Collinge, J. (1991a) Right Condemns Government's Land Reform Plan, Star, Johannesburg, 13 March.Google Scholar
  10. Collinge, J. (1991b) White Paper Lauded, Slated, Star, Johannesburg, 13 March.Google Scholar
  11. Cowling, R. (1991) Options for Rural Land Use in Southern Africa: An Ecological Perspective, in M. De Klerk (ed.), A Harvest of Discontent: The Land Question in South Africa, Cape Town: ID ASA.Google Scholar
  12. Daniel, J. B. (1981) Agricultural Development in the Ciskei: Review and Assessment, South African Geographical Journal 63.Google Scholar
  13. Davenport, T. R. H. (1985) Some Reflections on the History of Land Tenure in South Africa, Acta Juridica.Google Scholar
  14. Davenport, T. R. H. (1986) Land Legislation: Determining the Present Allocation of Land, Johannesburg: Urban Foundation.Google Scholar
  15. DBSA (Development Bank of Southern Africa) (1986) Policy Guidelines in Respect of Farmers Support Programmes, Policy Issue Paper, Sandton: DBSA.Google Scholar
  16. Feynes, T. L., C. J. Van Rooyen and N. Vink (1986) Reassessment of the Land Acts of 1913 and 1936, Johannesburg: Urban Foundation.Google Scholar
  17. Friedmann, J. and C. Weaver (1979) Territory and Function: The Evolution of Regional Planning, London: Edward Arnold.Google Scholar
  18. Gore, C. (1984) Regions in Question: Space, Development Theory and Regional Policy, New York: Methuen.Google Scholar
  19. Haarhoff, E. J. (1992) Underdevelopment and the Persistence of Traditional Dwellings and Settlements in South Africa, CSD/SWO Bulletin, May.Google Scholar
  20. Horrell, M. (1973) The African Homelands of South Africa, Johannesburg: South African Institute of Race Relations.Google Scholar
  21. HSRC (Human Sciences Research Council) (1986) Population Redistribution: A Summarized Review and Evaluation of Theoretical Contributions, Strategies and Policy Instruments with Specific Reference to the South African Situation, Pretoria: Human Sciences Research Council, SN250.Google Scholar
  22. IDAF (International Defence and Aid Fund for Southern Africa) (1989) Review of 1988 Repression and Resistance in South Africa and Namibia, London: IDAF, Fact Paper on Southern Africa, no. 16.Google Scholar
  23. Keegan, T. (1983) The Sharecropping Economy: African Class Formation and the 1913 Natives Land Act in the High veld Maize Belt, in B. Bozzoli (ed.), Town and Country in the Transvaal, Johannesburg: Ravan Press.Google Scholar
  24. Kgarimetsa, M., 1992. The Two Faces of Poverty: Urban and Rural, Social Work Practice 3 (November): 8-14.Google Scholar
  25. Kimble, J. (1976) Aspects of the Economic History of Lesotho, 1830-85, Paper presented to the History Workshop, National University of Lesotho, July.Google Scholar
  26. Laker, M. (1992) South Africa's Most Critical Environmental Problem is Under Your Feet, Star, Johannesburg, 14 February.Google Scholar
  27. Legassick, M. and H. Wolpe (1976) The Bantustans and Capital Accumulation in South Africa, Review of African Political Economy, 7: 87-107.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Lele, U. J. (1975) The Design of Rural Development: Lessons from Africa. Washington, D.C: International Bank for Reconstruction and Development.Google Scholar
  29. Lipton, M. (1977) South Africa: Two Agricultures, in Wilson et al., Farm Labor in South Africa, Cape Town: David Philip.Google Scholar
  30. Maasdorp, G. (1974) Economic Development for the Homelands, Johannesburg: South African Institute of Race Relations.Google Scholar
  31. Maasdorp, G. and A. Humphreys (1975) From Shanty Town to Township, Cape Town: Juta.Google Scholar
  32. Marcus, T. (1989) Modernizing Super-Exploitation: Restructuring South African Agriculture, London: Zed Press.Google Scholar
  33. Milazi, D. (1987) Rural Transformation: Towards a Movement from Commercial Agriculture to Community Development, Paper presented at the 19th Annual Conference on Community Development: Responses to Emerging Realities, University of West Virginia, Morgantown, VA. 28-31 July.Google Scholar
  34. Milazi, D. (1990) The Social Implications of Land Policy and Rural Development, African Journal of Sociology 3 (2): 61-69.Google Scholar
  35. Moller, V. (1985) Rural Blacks' Perceptions of Basic Needs Fulfillment, in Foundation for Research Development, Basic Needs in Rural Areas, Pretoria: Council for Scientific and Industrial Research, SA National Scientific Research Programme Report no. 116.Google Scholar
  36. Nattrass, J. (1977) Migrant Labor and Underdevelopment: The Case of Kwazulu, Durban: Univ. of Natal. Department of Economics.Google Scholar
  37. Nurnberger, K. (1992) Theses on the “Theology of the Land” in its overall context, Paper presented at a Workshop on The Church and the Land Issue in South Africa, Broederstroom, 25-26 May.Google Scholar
  38. Plaatje, S. J. (1916) Native Life in South Africa, before the European War and since the Boer Rebellion, London: King. Republic of South Africa see South Africa.Google Scholar
  39. SAIRR (South African Institute for Race Relations) (1984) Race Relations Survey, Johannesburg: SAIRR.Google Scholar
  40. SAIRR (South African Institute for Race Relations) (1986) Race Relations Survey, Johannesburg: SAIRR.Google Scholar
  41. Seleoane, M. L. (1984) Conditions on Eight Farms in Middelburg, Eastern Transvaal, University of Cape Town. Southern African Labor and Development Research Unit. Carnegie Conference Paper no. 35.Google Scholar
  42. Simkins, C. E. W. (1985) Rural Employment and Solutions to Unemployment, In Foundation for Research Development, Basic Needs in Rural Areas, Pretoria: Council for Scientific and Industrial Research, SA National Scientific Research Programme Report No. 116.Google Scholar
  43. Simkins, C. E. W. (1991) Agricultural Production in the African Reserves of South Africa: 1918-1969, fournal of South African Studies, 7(2):256-83.Google Scholar
  44. Skinner, R. J. and M. J. Rodell (1983) People, Poverty and Shelter: Problems of Self-help Housing in the Third World, New York: Methuen.Google Scholar
  45. South Africa (1991) White Paper on Land Reform, 12 March.Google Scholar
  46. South Africa, Central Statistical Services (1981) Census of Agriculture 1981, Pretoria: Government Printer, Report 06-01-17.Google Scholar
  47. South Africa, Central Statistical Services (1985) Population Census 1985, Pretoria: Government Printer, Report 02-85-05 .Google Scholar
  48. South Africa, Department of Statistics (1970) Population Census Pretoria: Government Printer, Report 02-05-01Google Scholar
  49. South Africa, Department of Statistics (1980) Population Censuses 80, Pretoria: Government Printer, Report 02-80-02.Google Scholar
  50. Tapson, D. A. (1985) The Agricultural Potential of the Homelands: Problems and Prospects, in H. Giliomee and L. Schlemmer (eds.) Up against the Fences, Cape Town: David Philip.Google Scholar
  51. UNCED (United Nations Conference on Environment and Development) (1992) Final Report, Earth Summit Bulletin, no. 13.Google Scholar
  52. Urban Foundation (1990a) Population Trends: Demographic Project Model, Johannesburg: Urban Foundation.Google Scholar
  53. Urban Foundation (1990b) Rural Development: Towards a New Framework, Urban Debate 2010: Policies for a New Urban Future, no. 4, Johannesburg: Urban Foundation.Google Scholar
  54. Van Reenen, T. H. (1962) Land, Its Ownership and Occupation in South Africa, Cape Town: Juta, Kenwin.Google Scholar
  55. Wolpe, H. (1972) Capitalism and Cheap Labor Power in South Africa: From Segregation to Apartheid, Economy and Society 1(4): 425-56CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© OSSREA 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • Dominic Milazi

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations