International Approaches to Computer-Integrated Manufacturing: Perspectives from Europe, America and Japan

  • Glenn Hardaker
  • Pervaiz K. Ahmed
Part of the The Academy of International Business Series book series (AIB)


One of the most pressing challenges facing firms in today’s business environment is the transformation to a new paradigm for manufacturing (Drucker, 1990; The Economist, 1987). Although changes in manufacturing originally centred on the implementation of advanced technology, their scope has expanded to other issues, such as strategy (Hayes, Wheelright and Clarke, 1988), quality assurance (Harrington, 1987), inventory control (Klein, 1991), and job design (Dean and Snell, 1991). It is suggested that the key manufacturing goals of the 1990’s will be flexibility, quality and responsiveness. The competitive priorities of the 1990’s have been ranked accordingly:
  1. 1.

    Conformance (ability to offer consistent quality)

  2. 2.

    Delivery dependability (ability to deliver on time)

  3. 3.

    Performance (ability to provide high performance products)

  4. 4.

    Speed of product changes (ability to change production plans quickly)

  5. 5.

    Delivery speed (ability to deliver products quickly)

  6. 6.

    Low prices (ability to offer low prices)

  7. 7.

    Volume flexibility (ability to change volume rapidly)

  8. 8.

    Broad product line (ability to deliver a broad product line)



Functional Area Shop Floor Japanese Firm Western Nation Formal Review 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Academy of International Business, UK Chapters 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • Glenn Hardaker
  • Pervaiz K. Ahmed

There are no affiliations available

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