In this brief conclusion we draw on the wealth of theoretical and empirical evidence of developments in British social policy to answer just two questions. First, in what almost everyone recognises to be quite new circumstances for the British welfare state, just how much has social policy in Britain really changed? Is the newly emergent ‘competition’ or ‘work-fare’ state set to overwhelm whatever remains of the Keynesian welfare state apparatus? Are we really witnessing a transition from ‘collectivist’ to ‘individualised’ forms of social welfare? Or, second, is it possible that the excitement of discovering the new has led us to underestimate elements of continuity with the past? Perhaps it is possible that new forms of ‘community’ or ‘citizenship’ will check the seemingly irreversible tide towards privatised and atomised forms of welfare.
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Selection, editorial matter, introductions and conclusion © Nick Ellison and Chris Pierson 1998 Individual chapters (in order) © Chris Pierson; Nick Ellison; Ruth Lister; Martin Hewitt; Paul Hirst; Noel Whiteside; Ailsa McKay; Sarah Nettleton; Stephen J. Ball; Mary Langan; Peter Malpass; Gillian Pascall; John Solomos; John Barry; David Piachaud; Michael Cahill; Laura Cram; 1998