Russia as a Post-Communist Country
In a recent comparative book on post-communism,1 I proposed a descriptive model of this new phenomenon, as one way of attempting to define and delimit it. The model comprises fourteen salient features of post-communism, the particular configuration of which distinguishes post-communist countries from other systems, including other transition societies. The first seven characteristics relate to political cultural implications of the legacy of communism, while the remainder are concerned with the comprehensiveness and salient features of their attempts at transitions, and the overall context in which such attempts are being made. In this chapter, recent developments in Russia will be tested against that model, as one way of attempting to conceptualise them. The basic argument is that Russia is in many ways less different from other post-communist states than is often claimed, even though it is from some important perspectives sui generis; of these, its own identity problems constitute perhaps the most significant. While maintaining that the qualitative differences between Russia and many other post-communist societies are fewer than is often appreciated, it is acknowledged that some of the problems are deeper, and reactions to them more extreme, than in some other countries. Given Russia’s size and strategie significance, these differences matter.
KeywordsPresidential Election Former Soviet Union Organise Crime Liberal Democratic Party Grand Theory
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- Leslie Holmes, Post-Communism: An Introduction (Cambridge: Polity Press, 1997), pp. 15–21.Google Scholar
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