For Better or for Worse: Policymaking

  • William R. Nester


Policies are the broad outlines within which governments view and often act on a situation. They are implemented with specific laws, programs, regulations, and other actions. A policy can be as much what a government does not do as what it does. Some policies may simply be statements of principle that leaders have no intention of following. Deciding not to decide is a decision too. When a government refuses to do or say anything it is following a policy. As Hugh Heclo put it, a policy is “a course of action or inaction rather than a specific decision or action.”1 But, mostly, policies are concrete actions that a government takes toward a problem.


Interest Group Industrial Policy Special Interest Group Policy Entrepreneur Political Action Committee 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Copyright information

© William R. Nester 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • William R. Nester
    • 1
  1. 1.St. John’s UniversityNew YorkUSA

Personalised recommendations