For Better or for Worse: Policymaking

  • William R. Nester


Policies are the broad outlines within which governments view and often act on a situation. They are implemented with specific laws, programs, regulations, and other actions. A policy can be as much what a government does not do as what it does. Some policies may simply be statements of principle that leaders have no intention of following. Deciding not to decide is a decision too. When a government refuses to do or say anything it is following a policy. As Hugh Heclo put it, a policy is “a course of action or inaction rather than a specific decision or action.”1 But, mostly, policies are concrete actions that a government takes toward a problem.


Sugar Dioxide Depression Manifold Income 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Copyright information

© William R. Nester 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • William R. Nester
    • 1
  1. 1.St. John’s UniversityNew YorkUSA

Personalised recommendations