The Deportation of the Chechen and Ingush Peoples: A Critical Examination

  • William Flemming


On 23 February 1944 the People’s Commissariat of Internal Affairs (NKVD) commenced an operation, in fulfilment of a decree of the State Committee for Defence (GOKO)2, to deport the Chechen and Ingush nations en masse from their homelands in the North Caucasus into exile. By the 1 March almost 500000 Chechens and Ingush had been loaded into special trains and sent off to Central Asia for ‘resettlement’. The Chechen-Ingush ASSR (Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic), set up in 1936, was abolished, its constituent parts being incorporated into Russia, Daghestan, North Ossetia and Georgia. Almost overnight the Chechen and Ingush nations ceased to exist: the republic disappeared from all maps and reference books, and there was almost no mention of its peoples in the Soviet press.


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© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 1998

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  • William Flemming

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