The United Nations opened up large global horizons in 1945. But the steps taken by member states since then have been small, hesitant and limited. The 1945 dream of a world community equal in rights and united in vision has never come close to being realised. Alexander Solzhenitsyn, in his Nobel Prize acceptance address, described the United Nations as a place where the peoples of the world are served up to the designs of governments.1 Captured by governments, the UN became increasingly distant from ‘We, the peoples’.


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  1. 1.
    Quoted in Rosemary Righter, UtopiaLost: The United Nations and World Order (New York: Twentieth Century Fund Press, 1995), p. 85.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    United Nations Peace-keeping (New York: UN Document DPI/1306/Rev.4, February 1995).Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    See Paul F. Diehl, ‘Peacekeeping in Civil Wars’, in Ramesh Thakur and Carlyle A. Thayer, eds, A Crisis of Expectations: UN Peacekeeping in the 1990s (Boulder: Westview, 1995), pp. 223–36.Google Scholar
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    See Ramesh Thakur, ‘From Peacekeeping to Peace-Enforcement: The UN Operation in Somalia’, Journal of Modern African Studies 32 (September 1994), pp. 387–410.Google Scholar
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    Brian Urquhart, ‘Who Can Police the World?’, New York Review of Books, 12 May 1994, p. 29.Google Scholar
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    Peace-keeping and Human Rights (London: Amnesty International, 1994).Google Scholar
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    USlS Wireless File EPF406, 01/19/95.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Gareth Evans, Cooperating for Peace: The Global Agenda for the 1990s and Beyond (Sydney: Allen & Unwin, 1993), p. 85.Google Scholar
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    See Ramesh Thakur and Samuel M. Makinda, ‘The Asia—Pacific Region and the United Nations’, Contemporary Southeast Asia 8 (September 1996), pp. 119–34.Google Scholar
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    Don McKinnon, ‘Address to the United Nations General Assembly’, 27 September 1994, p. 10.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Quoted in Brian Urquhart, A Life in Peace and War (London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson, 1987), p. 378.Google Scholar
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© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 1998

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