Emigration from China has reached unprecedented levels since the onset of the reforms in 1978, and the liberalization of migration with the emigration law of 1985. After decades of effective migration controls, Chinese people have again gained considerable freedom to move to destinations that offer the prospect of a better life. In part, the upsurge in Chinese emigration is but an extension of the massive population transfers taking place in China itself that involve tens of millions of people.1 Currently, China is experiencing a migration transition in the context of economic and social development similar to, but much more rapid and intense than, that of other developing countries in Asia, Africa and Latin America.


Chinese Student Human Trafficker Chinese Communist Party Core Community Chinese Immigrant 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Archaimbault, Charles (1952) ‘En marge du quartier chinois de Paris’ [At the fringe of the Chinese quarter in Paris], Bulletin de la Société des Études Indochinoises, n. s., 28: 3, pp. 275–94.Google Scholar
  2. Baker, Hugh D. R. (1994) ‘Branches All Over: The Hong Kong Chinese in the United Kingdom’, in Ronald Skeldon (ed.), Reluctant Exiles? Migration from Hong Kong and the New. Overseas Chinese (Hong Kong: Hong Kong University Press) pp. 291–307.Google Scholar
  3. Crissman, Lawrence W. (1967) ‘The Segmentary Structure of Urban Overseas Chinese Communities’, Man, 2: 2, pp. 185–204.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Griffin, Nicholas John (1973) ‘The Use of Chinese Labor by the British Army, 1916–1920: The “Raw Importation”, its Scope and Problems’, PhD thesis, University of Oklahoma, Norman, Oklahoma.Google Scholar
  5. Hamilton, Gary G. (1977) ‘Ethnicity and Regionalism: Some Factors Influencing Chinese Identities in Southeast Asia’, Ethnicity, 4, pp. 337–51.Google Scholar
  6. Pan, Lynn (1990) Sons of the Yellow Emperor: The Story of the Overseas Chinese (London: Mandarin).Google Scholar
  7. Poston, Dudley L. and Mei-Yu Yu (1990) ‘The Distribution of the Overseas Chinese in the Contemporary World’, International Migration Review, 24: 3, pp. 480–508.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Skeldon, Ronald (1990) Population Mobility in Developing Countries: A Reinterpretation (London: Belhaven).Google Scholar
  9. Summerskill, Michael (1982) China on the Western Front: Britain’s Chinese Work Force in the First World War (London: Michael Summerskill).Google Scholar
  10. Thompson, Richard H. (1980) ‘From Kinship to Class: A New Model of Urban Overseas Chinese Social Organization’, Urban Anthropology, 9: 3, pp. 265–93.Google Scholar
  11. Thunø, Mette (1996) ‘Chinese Emigration to Europe: Combining European and Chinese Sources’, Revue Européenne des Migrations Internationales, 12: 2, pp. 275–96.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Watson, James L. (1975) Emigration and the Chinese Lineage: The Mans in Hong Kong and London (Berkeley: University of California Press).Google Scholar
  13. Watson, James L. (1977a) ‘The Chinese: Hong Kong Villagers in the British Catering Trade’, in James L. Watson (ed.), Between Two Cultures: Migrants and Minorities in Britain (Oxford: Basil Blackwell) pp. 181–213.Google Scholar
  14. Watson, James L. (1977b) ‘Chinese Emigrant Ties to the Home Community’, New Community, 5, pp. 343–52.Google Scholar
  15. Wong, Bernhard P. (1982) Chinatown: Economic Adaptation and Ethnic Identity of the Chinese (New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston).Google Scholar
  16. Wu Li (1994) ‘Wenzhou diqu qiaoxiang yu feiqiaoxiang funüde jingji huodong — ge’an bijiao’ [Economic activities of women in overseas Chinese and non-overseas Chinese areas of Wenzhou district — A case comparison], paper presented at the First International Society for the Study of Chinese Overseas (ISSCO) Conference, ‘The Last Half-Century of Chinese Overseas (1945–1994)’, Hong Kong, 19–21 December 1994.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Gregor Benton and Frank N. Pieke 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • Frank N. Pieke

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations