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East Central Europe: Problems, Prospects and Policy Dilemmas

  • F. Stephen Larrabee

Abstract

Since the collapse of communism, the countries of East Central Europe have made substantial progress towards the establishment of stable democratic systems and the creation of market economics.1 There are growing signs that the region — especially the three ‘fast track’ countries of Hungary, Poland and the Czech Republic — has begun to emerge from the recession that followed initial efforts to move toward market reform in 1990–1991.2 Growth rates have increased, while inflation has dropped significantly; privatization has also taken root. As of 1996, sixty to seventy per cent of the region’s economy was in private hands. Trade has been reoriented toward the industrial countries of the West. States in the region now conduct over half their trade with the European Union (EU). Foreign direct investment has also risen steadily, with Hungary leading the way.

Keywords

European Union Common Agricultural Policy East Central European Union Enlargement Acquis Communautaire 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Notes

  1. 3.
    See Wojciech Gebicki and Anna Marta Gebicka, ‘Central Europe: A shift to the Left?’, Survival, 37, no. 5 (Autumn 1995) 126–138.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 4.
    See José Maria Maravall and Julian Santamaria, ‘Political Change in Spain and the Prospects for Democracy’, in Guillermo O’Donnell, Phillippe C. Schmitter and Lawrence Whitehead (eds), Transitions from Authoritarian Rule: Southern Europe, (Baltimore: The John Hopkins University Press, 1986), pp. 93–94.Google Scholar
  3. 10.
    For a detailed discussion, see Thomas S. Szayna and F. Stephen Larrabee, East European Military Reform After The Cold War: Implications for the United States (Santa Monica, CA: RAND), MR-523-OSD, 1994.Google Scholar
  4. 11.
    For a detailed discussion, see Szayna and Larrabee, East European Reform After the Cold War (Santa Monica, CA: RAND, 1995), MR-523-OSD, pp. 17–26.Google Scholar
  5. 18.
    Sebestyen Gorka, ‘Hungarian Military Reform and Peacekeeping Efforts’, NATO Review, 43, no. 6 (November 1995), 26–29.Google Scholar
  6. 20.
    For a fuller discussion, see F. Stephen Larrabee, East European Military Security after the Cold War (Santa Monica, CA: RAND, 1993), MR-254-USDP, pp. 153–164.Google Scholar
  7. 21.
    See, Andrzej Ananicz, Prezemyslaw Grudzinski, Andrzej Olehowski, Janusz Onyszkiewcz, Krzystof Skubiszewski, and Henryk Szlajfer, Poland-NATO (Warsaw: Euro-Atlantic Association and Stefan Batory Foundation, September 1995), pp. 11–12.Google Scholar
  8. 26.
    For details, see Ronald D. Asmus, Richard L. Kugler, and F. Stephen Larrabee, ‘What Will NATO Enlargement Cost?’, Survival, 38, no. 3 (Autumn 1996) 5–26.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 27.
    For a good discussion, see Ronald D. Asmus and Robert Nurick, ‘NATO Enlargement and the Baltic States’, Survival, 38, no. 2 (Summer 1996), 121–42.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • F. Stephen Larrabee

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