It may seem odd that the simple ruse of surprise rates the status of a principle of war; a factor to be given consideration by high commanders and indeed, by those directing military operations at any level. Surprise is a most elementary device, a fundamental instinct used even by young children in games or to frighten. Earliest man or before that, animals, used the device of surprise to hunt prey. It was an essential part of their success. By the same token, all living creatures from the earliest times have been concerned to guard against surprise. Dwellings were constructed on the top of hills, in caves in the sides of cliffs, even in trees, for security from surprise attack. The earliest forts were built for this purpose. Why then the necessity to include this basic and innate aptitude among the other more esoteric principles?
KeywordsIndirect Approach Water Drip Tactical Level Commanding Officer Surprise Attack
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