The Role of the EU and WEU in European Security
The role of the EU and WEU in European security is evolving rapidly, partly as a result of external and internal developments. On the external front, the end of the East-West conflict has led to major changes in the Atlantic Alliance, including a significant reduction in US forces in Europe and a determination to build up a European Security and Defence Identity (ESDI), an aim reinforced by the decisions of the NATO ministerial meeting in Berlin in June 1996. On the internal front, the EU committed itself under the Maastricht Treaty on European Union to establish a Common Foreign and Security Policy (CFSP) with the aim of a common defence policy ‘which might in time lead to a common defence’. The WEU was seen as the instrument through which the EU would develop its defence capability. Disputes within the EU over foreign and security policy were only partially resolved at Maastricht and hence it was agreed to review CFSP during the Intergovernmental Conference (IGC) which opened in Turin on 29 March 1996.2
KeywordsMember State Security Policy European Council Free Trade Area European Security
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