The Mediterranean is a strategic crossroads where East meets West, and North meets South. In purely geographic terms, the region may be analysed by subdividing the Mediterranean into sub-areas: Maghreb (Algeria, Libya, Mauritania, Morocco and Tunisia), Mashreq (Egypt, Jordan, Lebanon and Syria), and others (Balkans, Cyprus, Israel, Malta and Turkey). The latter is a kind of residual group, having no clear systemic characteristics. These sub-areas share a socio-economic common denominator; the Mediterranean and the Middle East are two regions interrelated in economic, political and strategic terms. The end of the East—West conflict in Europe and the beginning of peacebuilding in the Middle East have brought the two regions closer to each other. Turkey’s relationship with the European Union (EU) is as ambivalent as with the Balkans, Central Asia, the Caucasus and the Middle East. Israel, whose network of interaction with the Jewish diaspora multiplies its political and economic weight and its influence, still receives the biggest amount of US military aid in the region.
KeywordsMigration Europe Hydrocarbon Syria Turkey
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