European Security and the Mediterranean

  • Carlos Echeverria Jesus


The Mediterranean is a strategic crossroads where East meets West, and North meets South. In purely geographic terms, the region may be analysed by subdividing the Mediterranean into sub-areas: Maghreb (Algeria, Libya, Mauritania, Morocco and Tunisia), Mashreq (Egypt, Jordan, Lebanon and Syria), and others (Balkans, Cyprus, Israel, Malta and Turkey). The latter is a kind of residual group, having no clear systemic characteristics. These sub-areas share a socio-economic common denominator; the Mediterranean and the Middle East are two regions interrelated in economic, political and strategic terms. The end of the East—West conflict in Europe and the beginning of peacebuilding in the Middle East have brought the two regions closer to each other. Turkey’s relationship with the European Union (EU) is as ambivalent as with the Balkans, Central Asia, the Caucasus and the Middle East. Israel, whose network of interaction with the Jewish diaspora multiplies its political and economic weight and its influence, still receives the biggest amount of US military aid in the region.


European Union Middle East Mediterranean Country Foreign Minister Peace Process 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    The West’s initially tardy response to events in Bosnia was perceived as evidence of double standards by the Muslim world. See A.H. Dessouki, ‘The Impact on Relations Between the Islamic world and Western Europe’, in M. Jopp, ed., The Implications of the Yugoslav Crisis for Western Europe’s Foreign Relations, Chaillot Paper 17 (Paris: WEU—Institute for Security Studies, 1994), pp. 82–91.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    G. Joffé, ‘The Economic Factor in Mediterranean Security’, paper presented at the International Conference on Southern and Eastern Mediterranean: Notions and Perceptions of Security with Respect to Western Security Alliances (Rome: IAI, December 1995), p. 1.Google Scholar
  3. 4.
    A. Chevallier and V. Kessler, Economies en développement et défis démographiques. Algérie, Egypte, Maroc, Tunisie (Paris: La Documentation française, 1989) p. 16.Google Scholar
  4. 5.
    A. Maalmi, ‘L’OTAN et le Sud de la Méditerranée. Les malentendus d’un dialogue’, Annuaire de la Méditerranée (Paris-Rabat: Publisud-GERM, 1996), pp. 52–5.Google Scholar
  5. 12.
    V. Perthes, Arab Economic Cooperation: A critical view from outside (Ebenhausen: SWP, 1996), p. 24.Google Scholar
  6. 14.
    C. Echeverria Jesus, ‘WEU Approach to the North African Countries’, in Assembleia da Republica, Os Problemas de segurança no Mediterraneo Occidental (Lisboa: Assembleia da Republica, 1995), pp. 31–6Google Scholar
  7. 15.
    This proposal has been completed in 1995 by a new French proposal for a Pact of Stability for the Mediterranean. See the intervention of the French Minister of Foreign Affairs at the Barcelona Conference, Europe, No. 6617, 1 (December 1995) 10–11.Google Scholar
  8. 17.
    There are several areas of possible future co-operation, such as continuing information activities, scientific environmental affairs, and military exchanges and exercises. See F.S. Larrabee and C. Thorson, Mediterranean Security. New Issues and Challenges (Santa Monica: RAND, 1996), p. 26.Google Scholar
  9. 20.
    See Council of Europe—Parliamentary Assembly—Congress of Local Regional Authorities of Europe, The Sustainable Development of the Mediterranean Basin: Environment, Demography and Migrations. Final Declaration (Strasbourg: 4th Conference of Mediterranean Regions—Cyprus, 20–22 September 1995) Doc. AS/CG/MED (1995) 4 rev.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • Carlos Echeverria Jesus

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations