Managing the Managers: The Commission’s Role in the Implementation of Spending Programmes
No matter how good a policy may be, it cannot succeed unless somebody implements it, and whoever implements has a key influence over what and how much is delivered, and to whom. It is thus surprising that the Commission’s role as an implementer, as opposed to a maker, of policy has generally been neglected as a field of study. While this role does not lend itself to easy generalisation, in most areas of policy the Commission implements at arm’s length via the Member State governments and their agencies, only implementing directly in a few areas, such as competition law (Shaw, 1993; Nugent, 1994). In Nugent’s phrase, it is primarily a ‘supervisor and overseer’ of frontline implementation (Nugent, 1994, p. 107).
KeywordsSteam Tral Omic Exter Protec
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