Organizational Environments: Comparisons, Contrasts and Significance

  • Mark Turner
  • David Hulme


All organizations exist in and relate to environments that affect their operations. The environments in which administrators and policy-makers operate in developing countries are both distinctive and diverse. They are distinct from those environments encountered by their counterparts in the rich countries of the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), but between developing countries there are substantial differences. This means that management models which are successful in one place may be inappropriate in a different environment. Thus, the practices and prescriptions of administration in industrial countries may be particularly prone to failure when transplanted to radically different developing country contexts. Even South-South transfers must be treated with great care and consideration.


Gross Domestic Product Foreign Exchange Informal Sector Organizational Environment Gross National Product 
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Copyright information

© Mark Turner and David Hulme 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mark Turner
    • 1
  • David Hulme
    • 2
  1. 1.University of CanberraAustralia
  2. 2.University of ManchesterUK

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