1848 and After

  • Ian H. Birchall


The revolution of 1848 redrew the map of French politics. The working class, first incorporated, then betrayed and massacred by its republican bourgeois allies, took its first steps towards political and organizational independence. At the same time it put socialism at the centre of the fears of the French bourgeoisie. (In 1851 Paris shops were selling engravings of Vernet’s popular Two Scourges of the Nineteenth century, Socialism and Cholera.)1 Over the succeeding fifty years the heritage of Babeuf was to be repeatedly reassessed.


French Revolution Socialist Party Professional Historian Ancien Regime Paris Shop 
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© Ian H. Birchall 1997

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  • Ian H. Birchall

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