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1848 and After

  • Ian H. Birchall

Abstract

The revolution of 1848 redrew the map of French politics. The working class, first incorporated, then betrayed and massacred by its republican bourgeois allies, took its first steps towards political and organizational independence. At the same time it put socialism at the centre of the fears of the French bourgeoisie. (In 1851 Paris shops were selling engravings of Vernet’s popular Two Scourges of the Nineteenth century, Socialism and Cholera.)1 Over the succeeding fifty years the heritage of Babeuf was to be repeatedly reassessed.

Keywords

French Revolution Socialist Party Professional Historian Ancien Regime Paris Shop 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Notes

  1. 1.
    T. J. Clark, Image of the People (London, 1973), p. 131.Google Scholar
  2. 6.
    I. M. Zeitlin, Liberty, Equality and Revolution in Alexis de Tocqueville (Boston, 1971), p. 24.Google Scholar
  3. 7.
    A. de Tocqueville, Oeuvres Complè;tes, tome IX (Paris, 1866). p. 517.Google Scholar
  4. 10.
    H. Taine, Les Origines de la France contemporaine (Paris, 1876–93), I: 291–2, 576–7.Google Scholar
  5. 16.
    G. Dallas, At the Heart of a Tiger (London, 1993), pp. 292–7.Google Scholar
  6. 17.
    A. Casanova & C. Mazauric, Vive la révolution 1789–1989 (Paris, 1989), p. 37.Google Scholar
  7. 18.
    Cited J. Godechot, Un jury pour la revolution (Paris, 1974), p. 245.Google Scholar
  8. 19.
    J. Jaurès, Histoire socialiste de la révolution française (Paris 1969–72), I: 66.Google Scholar
  9. 20.
    Cited H. Hirsch, Jean Jaurès as Historian (Wyoming, 1944), p. 112.Google Scholar
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    G. Deville, Gracchus Babeuf und die Verschwörung der Gleichen (Zurich, 1887).Google Scholar
  11. 27.
    A. Rosmer, Moscou sous Lénine (Paris, 1953), p. 143;Google Scholar
  12. D. Guérin, Le feu du sang (Paris, 1977), p. 133.Google Scholar
  13. 34.
    (London, 1911); see I. H. Birchall, ‘Morris, Bax and Babeuf’, Journal of the William Morris Society XII/1 (1996), pp. 41–7.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Ian H. Birchall 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ian H. Birchall

There are no affiliations available

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