First Opinions



Babeuf was dead, but the problem did not go away. Was the Revolution completed, or was it just the forerunner of a final revolution to come, as Maréchal had predicted? Over the next two centuries the Revolution’s children — parliamentary democracy and the market economy — showed their strengths and their limitations. Through the struggles of 1848 and 1871 the working-class movement emerged as a major political force. The patriotism of 1793 gave way to the nationalism of 1914. The Russian Revolution of 1917 aroused and then dashed hopes that it was to be the successor that Maréchal had looked to.


French Revolution Parliamentary Democracy Rightful Place Socialist Tradition Russian Revolution 
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© Ian H. Birchall 1997

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