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‘Born in the Mud’

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Abstract

‘I was born in the mud.’ This was the first sentence of the Memoirs that Babeuf began to write when imprisoned in Paris in December 1793.1 Unfortunately he never continued them beyond the first paragraph.

Keywords

Eighteenth Century Social Contract Late Eighteenth Century Collective Farm Collective Production 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Notes

  1. 2.
    G. Lecocq, Un manifeste de Gracchus Babeuf (Paris, 1885), p. 9.Google Scholar
  2. 4.
    G.Lefebvre, Etudes sur la révolution française (Paris, 1963), p. 416.Google Scholar
  3. 6.
    P. Goubert, ‘Les techniques agricoles dans les pays picards aux XVIIe. et XVIIIe. siècles’, Revue d’histoire économique et sociale XXXV/1 (1957), p. 32.Google Scholar
  4. 21.
    E.J.M. Vignon, Etudes historiques sur l’administration des voies publiques en France aux dix-septième et dix-huitième siècles (Paris, 1862), II: 194–5.Google Scholar
  5. 22.
    A. Young, Travels in France and Italy (London, 1915), pp. 87–8.Google Scholar
  6. 23.
    H. Cavaillès, La route française (Paris, 1946), p. 166.Google Scholar
  7. 24.
    J. Stephen Jeans, Waterways and Water Transport (London, 1890), pp. 448–9.Google Scholar
  8. 25.
    C. Hadfield, The Canal Age (Newton Abbot, 1968), p. 176.Google Scholar
  9. 26.
    Présence, p. 123; K. & M. Middell, François-Noël Babeuf (Berlin, 1988), p. 18.Google Scholar
  10. 28.
    A. Pelletier, ‘Babeuf feudiste’, AHRF 179 (1965), pp. 29–65.Google Scholar
  11. 30.
    C. Mazauric, Babeuf et la conspiration pour l’égalité (Paris, 1962), p. 79.Google Scholar
  12. 35.
    F.-N.-C. Babeuf, Le Scrutateur des décrets (Paris, 1966 reprint), No. 6, 1791, pp. 56–7.Google Scholar
  13. 42.
    M. Grégoire-d’Essigny fils, Histoire de la ville de Roye (Noyon, 1818), p. 401.Google Scholar
  14. 43.
    Cited in P. McGarr, ‘The Great French Revolution’, International Socialism 2/43 (1989), p. 97.Google Scholar
  15. 48.
    L.-N. Berthe, Dubois de Fosseux (Arras, 1969), pp. 20, 120, 182ff.Google Scholar
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  17. 52.
    A. MacIntyre, A Short History of Ethics (London, 1967), p. 188.Google Scholar
  18. 54.
    See inter alia C. Mazauric, ‘Le rousseauisme de Babeuf’, AHRF 170 (1962), pp. 439–64.Google Scholar
  19. 62.
    Morelly, Code de la nature (Paris, 1970), pp. 47, 58.Google Scholar
  20. 65.
    N. Wagner, Morelly: le méconnu des lumières (Paris, 1978), pp. 259, 304, 340;Google Scholar
  21. see also R. Coë, ‘La théorie morellienne et la pratique babouviste’, AHRF 150 (1958), pp. 38–64.Google Scholar
  22. 66.
    M. Collignon, L’avant-coureur du changement du monde entier (reprinted Paris, 1966); the original pamphlet was dated London, 1786, doubtless to deceive a possible censor.Google Scholar
  23. 67.
    A. Ioanissian, ‘Sur l’auteur de “L’avant-coureur du changement du monde entier”’, AHRF 184 (1966), pp. 1–14.Google Scholar

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© Ian H. Birchall 1997

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