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Language Policies and Language Attitudes: Le Monde de la Francophonie

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Part of the Modern Linguistics Series book series

Abstract

Attitudes towards the French language in ‘le monde de la francophonie’ have been deeply influenced by language policies developed in France since the seventeenth century. Through vigorous and sometimes brutal language planning programmes, multilingual France emerged in this century as a unilingual French state. In addition to legislating against non-French languages, policy makers in France insured that only the ‘Ile de France’ dialect emerged as the prestige standard form of the language. By virtue of its population and cultural vitality, France today can still be considered the heart of the francophone world. Consequently, it seems appropriate to devote the first part of this chapter to the development of language attitudes in France.

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© Macmillan Publishers Limited 1997

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