Certification and Eco-Labelling of Timber and Timber Products
In recent years, there has been intense interest and concern about deforestation and degradation of the world’s forests with consequent environmental damages — at the global level, loss of biological diversity and climate change, and at the national and local levels, harm to the provision of products and services derived from forests. Initiatives for certification and eco-labelling of timber and timber products have been motivated by these concerns and by the possibilities of acting in the near term to foster better forest management and complementing long-term efforts to improve forestry policies and practices. It is also widely recognized that timber is an important commodity in trade and that forest industries provide income and employment in producing countries.
KeywordsInternational Trade Sustainable Management Timber Product Price Premium Certification Scheme
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- 4.International Tropical Timber Organization, “Sustainable Forest Management”, Decision 6(XI) of the International Tropical Timber Council, 4 December 1991.Google Scholar
- 5.United Nations Conference on Environment and Development, Report of the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development, A/CONF.151/26 (vol. III), 14 August 1992, pp. 111–16.Google Scholar
- 6.UNCTAD, “Formal statement by consumer members”, TD/TIMBER.2/L.6, 21 January 1994. The formal statement is also included in the Introduction to document TD/TIMBER.2/16, which contains the text of the International Tropical Timber Agreement, 1994 (United Nations publication, Sales no. 94.II.D.23).Google Scholar
- 8.B. H. Ghazali and M. Simula, Certification Schemes for all Timber and Timber Products, study prepared for the International Tropical Timber Organization, 15 April 1994, p. 32.Google Scholar
- 10.London Environmental Economics Centre, The Economic Linkages between the International Trade in Tropical Timber and the Sustainable Managment of Tropical Forests, main report to the International Tropical Timber Organization, 19 March 1993, p. 123.Google Scholar
- 11.International Tropical Timber Organization, “ITTO Action Plan: Criteria and Priority Areas for Programme Development and Project Work”, November 1990, p. 3.Google Scholar