High Technology Parks in China

  • Gu Chaolin


High technology is becoming a great challenge and opportunity for the development and growth of national economies. In the Western developed industrial countries, it only offers the possibility of increasing the mutually shared benefit of international technological co-operation and of greater competitiveness in economic structure, but has also become a kind of instant solution to the West’s economic recession. Recently, some newly industrializing countries (NICs), particularly in South Asia, have become major manufacturers of high-tech products, albeit often for foreign companies.


Venture Capital High Technology Pearl River Delta High Technology Industry Chinese Yuan 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Afgan, N. H. (ed.) (1990) High Technology Parks: A Guidebook for Design and Assessment, (New York, Washington, Philadelphia, London: Hemisphere).Google Scholar
  2. Allen D. N. and V. Levine (1986) Nurturing Advanced Technology Enterprises (New York Praeger).Google Scholar
  3. Anderson, A. E. and B. Johansson (1984) ‘A Dynamic Model of Growth in a Central Place System’, Geographical Analysis, vol. 11, pp. 56–72.Google Scholar
  4. Anderson, A. E. and B. Johansson (1985) ‘Creativity and Regional Development’, Regional Science, vol. 56, pp. 5–20.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Ballance, R. and S. Sinclair (1983) Collapse and Survival: Industry Strategies in a Changing World (London: George Allen & Unwin).Google Scholar
  6. Bollinger, I., K. Hope and J. M. Utterback (1983) ‘A Review of Literature and Hypotheses of New Technology-based Firms’, Research Policy, vol. 12, pp. 1–4.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Breheny, M. J. and R. Mcquaid (eds) (1987) The Development of High Technology Industries — An International Comparison (Boulder, Col.: Westview Press).Google Scholar
  8. Britton, J. and M. Gertler (1986) ‘Locational Perspectives of Policies for Innovation’ in J. Dermer (ed.), Competitiveness though Technology (Lexington, Mass.: Lexington Books), pp. 159–75.Google Scholar
  9. Butchagt, R. (1987) ‘A New UK Definition of the High Technology Industries’, Economic Trends, vol. 400, pp. 82–88.Google Scholar
  10. Brown, L. A. (1981) Innovation Diffusion, A New Perspective (London: Methuen).Google Scholar
  11. Cahill, K. (1986) Trade Wars: The High-Technology Scandal of the 1980s (London: W. H. Allen).Google Scholar
  12. Castells, M. (1985) ‘The New Technology, Economic Restructuring, and the Urban-Regional Process in the United States’, in Urban Affairs Annual Reviews 28: High Technology, Space and Society (Beverly Hills, Calif: Sage) pp. 11–40.Google Scholar
  13. Castells, M. (1988) ‘The New Industrial Space: Information Technology Manufacturing and Spatial Structure in the United States, in Sternlieb and Hughes (eds), America’s New Market Geography, Rutgers, NJ: Centre for Urban Policy Research) pp. 43–100.Google Scholar
  14. Clark, G., M. Gertler and J. Whiteman (1986) Regional Dynamics: Studies in Adjustment Theory (Winchester, Mass.: Allen & Unwin).Google Scholar
  15. Clark, J., C. Freeman and L. Soete (1984) ‘Long Waves, Inventions and Innovations’, in C. Freeman (ed.), Long Waves in the World Economy (Guildford: Butterworth).Google Scholar
  16. Cooper, A. C. (1971) ‘Spin-offs and Technical Entrepreneurship’, IEEE Transactions, Engineering Management, EM-18, vol. 1, pp. 2–6.Google Scholar
  17. Crane, D. (1977) ‘Technological Innovation in Developing Countries: A Review of the Literature’, Research Policy, vol. 6, pp. 374–95.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Dahlman, C. J. (1989) ‘Technological Change in Industry in Developing Countries’, Finance and Development, vol. 26, no. 6, pp. 13–15.Google Scholar
  19. Dahlman, C. J. and F. C. Sercovich (1984) Local Development and Exports of Technology: the Comparative Advantage of Argentina, Brazil, India, the Republic of Korea, and Mexico, Working Paper No. 667 (Washington, DC: World Bank).Google Scholar
  20. Davelaar, E. J. and D. Nijkamp (1987) ‘The Incubator Hypothesis: Old Wine in New Bottles?’, in M. N. Fischer and M. Saubever (eds), Gesellschaft-Wirtschaft-Raum, AMR-Info, Vol. 17 (Vienna: Melzer) pp. 198–213.Google Scholar
  21. Davelaar, E. J. and D. Nijkamp (1989) ‘Spatial Dispersion of Technological Innovation: The Incubator Hypothesis’, to be published in the proceedings of the Conference of Innovation Diffusion, Venice, March 1986.Google Scholar
  22. Davelaar, E. J. and D. Nijkamp (1991) Regional Economic Analysis of Innovation and Incubation (Avebury: Gomer).Google Scholar
  23. Debelle, L. (1984) North Ryde: A High-Tech Industrial Analysis (Sydney: Hooker Commercial Industrial Developments).Google Scholar
  24. Denevan, W. M. (1983) ‘Adaptation, Variation and Cultural Geography’, Professional Geographer, vol. 35, pp. 399–406.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Dicken, P. (1986) Global Shift: Industrial Change in a Turbulent World (London: Harper & Row).Google Scholar
  26. Erickson, R. and T. Ceinbach (1979) ‘Characteristics of Branch Plants Attracted to Nonmetropolitan Areas’, in R. Lonsdale and H. Seyler, Nonmetropolitan Industrialization (New York: Winston) pp. 57–88.Google Scholar
  27. Fantus Co. Inc. (1966) The Appalachian Location Research Studies Program: Summary Report Recommendations, Report for the Appalachian Regional Commission, Contract C-273–66, New York, December.Google Scholar
  28. Florida, R. and M. Kenney (1990) The Breakthrough Illusion (New York: HarperCollins).Google Scholar
  29. Florida, R. and M. Kenney (1988) ‘Venture Capital — Financed Innovation and Technological Change in the USA’, Research Policy, vol. 17, pp. 119–37.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Fong, C. O. (1986) Technological Leap: Malaysian Industry in Transition (Oxford University Press).Google Scholar
  31. Fusfeld, H. H. (1986) The Technical Enterprise: Present and Future Patterns (Cambridge, Mass.: Balingger).Google Scholar
  32. Gertler, M. S. (1987) ‘Capital, Technology and Industry Dynamics in Regional Development’, Urban Geography vol. 8, pp. 251–63.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Gibb, J. M. (ed.) (1985) (ed.) Science Parks and Innovation Centres: Their Economic and Social Impact (Amsterdam: Elsevier).Google Scholar
  34. Hagerstrand, T. (1967) Innovation Diffusion as a Spatial Process (University of Chicago Press).Google Scholar
  35. Hakansson, H. (ed.) (1985) Industrial Technological Development — A Network Approach (London: Croom Helm).Google Scholar
  36. Hardesty, D. L. (1986) ‘Rethinking Cultural Adaptation’, Professional Geographer, vol. 38, pp. 11–18.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Haug, P. (1991) ‘Regional Formation of High-Technology Service Industries: The Software Industry in Washington State’, Environment and Planning A, vol. 23, pp. 869–84.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Hoover, E. M. and R. Vernon (1959) Anatomy of a Metropolis (Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Hoover, E. M. and R. Vernon (1959) The Location of Economic Activity (New York: McGraw-Hill).Google Scholar
  40. Illeris, S. (ed.) (1990) Networks and Regional Development (Copenhangen: Nerlrefo/Akademish).Google Scholar
  41. Jacobs, J. (1966) The Death and Life of Great American Cities (London: Vintage Books).Google Scholar
  42. James, D. D., J. H. Street and A. D. Jedlicka (1980) ‘Issues in Indigenous Research and Development in Third World Countries’, Social Science Quarterly, vol. 60, pp. 580–603.Google Scholar
  43. Kassel, S. (1989) Soviet Advanced Technologies in the Area of Restricting, (Santa Monica, Calif.: Rand Corporation).Google Scholar
  44. Kawashima, T. and Stohr, W. (1988) ‘Decentralized Technology Policy: the Case of Japan’, Environment and Planning C, vol. 6, pp. 427–39.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Luger, M. and H. A. Goldstein (1991) Technology in the Garden (Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press).Google Scholar
  46. Malecki, E. J. (1980a) ‘Corporate Organization of R&D and the Location of Technological Activities’, Regional Studies, vol. 14, pp. 219–34.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Malecki, E. J. (1980b) ‘Science and Technology in the American Urban System’, in S. D. Brunn and J. D. Wheeler (eds), The American Metropolitan System: Past and Future (London: Edward Arnold).Google Scholar
  48. Malecki, E. J. (1980c) ‘Technological Changes: British and American Research Themes’, Area, vol. 12, pp. 253–60.Google Scholar
  49. Malecki, E. J. (1981a) ‘Public and Private Sector Interrelationships, Technological Change and Regional Development’, Paper of the Regional Science Association, vol. 47, pp. 121–38.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. Malecki, E. J. (1981b) ‘Government-funded R&D: Some Regional Economic Implications’, Professional Geographer, vol. 33, pp. 73–82.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. Malecki, E. J. (1987a) ‘Hope or Hyperbole? High Tech and Economic Development’, Technology Review 90, October, pp. 45–51.Google Scholar
  52. Malecki, E. J. (1987b) ‘The R&D Location Dcision of the Firm and Creative Regions — A Survey’, Technovation, vol. 6, pp. 205–22.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. Malecki, E. J. and P. Nijkamp (1988) ‘Technology and Regional Development: Some Thoughts on Policy’, Environment and Planning A, vol. 22, pp. 811–28.Google Scholar
  54. Malecki, E. J. (1991) Technology and Economic Development: The Dynamics of Local, Regional and National Change (New York: John Wiley).Google Scholar
  55. Markusen, A., P. Hall and A. Glasmeier (1986) High Tech American (Winchester, Mass.: Allen & Unwin).Google Scholar
  56. Markusen, A., P. Hall and A. Glasmeier (1985) Profit Cycles, Oligopoly and Regional Development (Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press).Google Scholar
  57. Massey, D., P. Quintas and D. Wield (1992) High-Tech Fantasies (London: Routledge).Google Scholar
  58. McArthur, R. (1990) ‘Replacing the Concept of High Technology: Towards a Diffusion-based Approach’, Environment and Planning A, vol. 22, pp. 811–28.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  59. McQuaid, R. (1984) Definition of High Technology Industries, M4 Working Note 22 (Department of Geography, University of Reading).Google Scholar
  60. Mensch, G. (1975) Das Technologische Patt (Bonn: Umschau).Google Scholar
  61. Miller, R. and M. Cote (1987) Growing the Next Silicon Valley (Lexington, Mass.: D. C. Heath).Google Scholar
  62. Nijkamp, P. (ed.) (1986) Technological Change, Employment and Spatial Dynamics (Berlin: Springer).Google Scholar
  63. Oakey, R. (1985) ‘British University Science Parks and High-Technology Small Firms: A Comment on the Potential for Sustained Industrial Growth’, International Small Business Journal, vol. 4, no. 1, pp. 58–67.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  64. OECD (Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development) (1988) The Newly Industrialising Countries (Paris: OECD).Google Scholar
  65. Ormrod, R. K. (1990) ‘Local Context and Innovation Diffusion in a Well Connected World’, Economic Geography, vol. 66, pp. 45–54.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  66. Osman-Rani, H., T. K. Woon and A. Ali (1986) Effective Mechanisms for the Enhancement of Technology and Skill in Malaysia (Singapore: Institute of Southeast Asian Studies).Google Scholar
  67. Rees, J. (1979) ‘Technological Change and Regional Shifts in American Manufacturing’, Professional Geographer, vol. 3. pp. 45–54.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  68. Reedy, A. K. N. (1979) ‘National and Regional Technology Groups and Institutions: An Assessment’, in A. S. Bhalla (ed.) Towards Global Action For Appropriate Technology (Oxford: Pergamon Press) pp. 63–137.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  69. Roberts, E. B. and H. A. Wainer (1968) ‘New Enterprises on Route 128’ Science Journal, vol. 4, no. 12, pp. 78–83.Google Scholar
  70. Rodan, C. (1989) The Political Economy of Singapore’s Industrialisation: National State and International Capital (New York: St Martin’s Press).Google Scholar
  71. Rushing, F. W. and C. G. Brown (1986) National Policies for Developing High Technology Industries —International Comparisons (Boulder, Col.: Westview Press).Google Scholar
  72. Sagasti, F. R. (1988) ‘Market Structure and Technological Behaviour in Developing Countries’, in A. Wad (ed.), Science, Technology and Development (Boulder, Col.: Westview Press) pp. 149–68.Google Scholar
  73. Sagdeev, R. Z. (1988) ‘Science and Perestroika: A Long Way to Go’, Issues in Science and Technology, vol. 4, no. 4, pp. 48–52.Google Scholar
  74. Saxenian, A. (1985) ‘Silicon Valley and Route 128: Regional Prototypes or Historic Exception?’, in M. Castells (ed.), Urban Affairs Annual Reviews 28: High Technology, Space and Society (Beverly Hills, Calif.; Sage) pp. 81–105.Google Scholar
  75. Scott, A. and M. Storper (1987) ‘High Technology Industry and Regional Development: A Theoretical Critique and Reconstruction’, International Social Science Journal, pp. 215–32.Google Scholar
  76. Segal, N. S. (1986) ‘Universities and Technological Entrepreneurship in Britain: Some Implication of the Cambridge Phenomenon!’, Technovation, vol. 4, pp. 189–204.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  77. Segal, N. S. (1985) ‘The Cambridge Phenomenon’, Regional Studies, vol. 19, no. 6, pp. 563–70.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  78. Simon, D. F. and D. Rehn (1988) Technological Innovation in China (Cambridge, Mass.: Ballinger).Google Scholar
  79. Stohr, W. B. (1986) ‘Regional Innovation Complexes’, Regional Science, vol. 59, pp. 29–54.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  80. Storper, M. (1992) ‘The Limits to Globalization: Technology District and International Trade’, Economic Geography, vol. 68, no. 2, pp. 60–93.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  81. Thomas, D. B. (1979) ‘Building Scientific and Technological Capabilities in LDCs — a Survey of Some Economic Development Issues’, in D. B. Thomas and M. S. Wionczek (eds), Integration of Science and Technology with Development (New York: Pergamon) pp. 3–16.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  82. Thompson, C. (1987) ‘Defining High Technology Industry: A Consensus Approach’, Prometheus, vol. 5, no. 2, pp. 237–62.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  83. Thompson, C. (1987) ‘High-Technology Theories and Public Policy’, Environment and Planning C, vol. 7, pp. 121–52.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  84. Vaughan, R. and R. Pollard (1986) ‘State and Federal Policies for High-Technology Development’, in J. Rees (ed.), Technology, Regions and Policy (Totawa, NJI: Rowman and Little Field) pp. 268–81.Google Scholar
  85. Veinon, R. (1979) ‘The Product Cycle Hypothesis in a New International Environment’, Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics, vol. 4, no. 4, pp. 255–67.Google Scholar
  86. Ulman, E. (1954) ‘Amenities as a Factor in Regional Growth’, Geographical Review, vol. 44, no. 1, pp. 119–32.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  87. Urquidi, V. L. (1986) ‘Science, Technology and Endogenous Development: Some Notes on the Objectives and the Possibilities’, in K. R. Smith, F. Fesharaki and J. P. Holdren (eds), Earth and the Human Future: Essays in Honor of Harrison Brown (Boulder, Col.: Westview Press) pp. 208–27.Google Scholar
  88. Watts, H. (1987) Industrial Geography (New York: John Wiley).Google Scholar
  89. Wever, E. (1986) ‘New Firm Formation in the Netherlands’, in D. Keeble and E. Wever (eds), New Firms and Regional Development in Europe (Beckenham, Kent: Croom Helm) pp. 54–74.Google Scholar
  90. Winchester, H. P. M. and B. S. Chulkley (1990) ‘The Japanese-Australian Multifunction Policy: Context and Issues’, Urban Studies, vol. 27, no. 2, pp. 273–82.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  91. Worthington, J. (1982) ‘Industrial and Science Parks — Accommodating Knowledge Based Industries’, Planning for Enterprise, Proceedings of an International Seminar, Swansea, September.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Manas Chatterji and Yang Kaizhong 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gu Chaolin

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations