Darwin and Philosophy

  • Marjorie Grene
Part of the Main Trends of the Modern World book series (MTMW)

Abstract

The theme of Darwin’s influence on philosophy has been a recurrent one, notably in John Dewey’s lecture in the semi-centennial year and again in J.H. Randall, Jr.’s defense of Dewey in the centennial year of 1959.1 Randall was, in effect, defending Dewey against the charge of another centennial essayist, J.S. Fulton, who writes:

An essay on the philosophy of evolution in the century since the publication of Darwin’s Origin of Species can be written in two sentences. By the end of the first fifty years, everybody in the educated world took evolution for granted, but the idea was still intellectually exciting and its philosophical exploitation was entering upon its period of full maturity. By the end of the next fifty years, evolution belongs to ‘common sense’ almost as thoroughly as the Copernican hypothesis and other early landmarks of the scientific revolution; but the idea is no longer exciting, and evolutionary philosophy is out of fashion.2

Keywords

Europe Defend Paleontology Animal Nature Culmination 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Notes

  1. 1.
    J.H. Randall, Jr., ‘The Changing Impact of Darwin on Philosophy’, Journal of the History of Ideas 22 (1961), 435–462.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    J.S. Fulton, ‘Philosophical Adventures of the Idea of Evolution, 1859–1959’, Rice Institute Pamphlets 46 (1959), 1.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    C.F.A. Pantin, ‘The Origin of Species’, in The History of Science, London 1951, p. 129ff.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    See e.g., T. Dobzhansky, The Genetics of the Evolutionary Process, New York 1970.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    E.O. Wilson, The Insect Societies, Cambridge, Mass., 1971.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Lynn Margulis, The Origin of Eukaryotic Cells, New Haven 1970.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    See G. Krueger, Phibsophie und Moral in der Kantischen Kritik, Tübingen 1931.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    See Victor Hugo, Poèsie, Collection l’Intégrale, Paris 1972, Vol. 2, pp. 560–61; Vol.3, p.663.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    L. Eisenberg, ‘The Human Nature of Human Nature’, Science 176 (1972), 123–28.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Herbert Fingarette, Self-Deception, London 1969.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Richard Rorty, ‘Functionalism, Machines and Incorrigibility’, Journal of Philosophy 69 (1972), 203–220.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    George Williams, Adaptation and Natural Selection, Princeton 1966.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    G.L. Stebbins, The Basis of Progressive Evolution, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, 1969.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Lawrence B. Slobodkin, ‘The Strategy of Evolution’, American Science 52 (1964), 342–357.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    C.H. Waddington, The Ethical Animal, London 1960.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Max Gluckman, Custom and Conflict in Africa, Glencoe, Ill., 1955.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    See for instance Sir Karl Popper’s Objective Knowledge, Oxford 1973, p. 67.Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Norman Campbell, What is Science?, New York 1952.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 1974

Authors and Affiliations

  • Marjorie Grene

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations