Indo-Russian Relations in the Post-Cold War Era

  • Maya Chadda


Outside the Soviet imperium, India was one of the non-Communist countries perhaps most seriously affected by the sudden demise of the Soviet Union and the end of the Cold War. Since the middle of 1980, India had presented a strange paradox. The decade of the 1980s had witnessed a steady expansion in India’s defense capabilities making it a formidable military power in the region. The previous investments in defense production and technology had matured to give India impressive conventional and strategic capabilities. By early 1992, India was a nuclear weapons capable state on the threshold of its own missile production program. However, these same years had also seen a steady decline in India’s political stability. It had become increasingly vulnerable to external interference, and separ-atist challenges to its territorial integrity. These trends were only exacerbated further by the developments in the 1990s. How can one explain this paradox of weakness and strength?


Foreign Policy Indian Government Territorial Integrity Indian Leader Soviet Leader 
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  1. 2.
    See Surjit Mansingh’s discussion of this point in ‘Is There a Soviet—Indian Strategic Partnership,’ in Hafeez Malik (ed.), Domestic Determinants of Soviet Foreign Policy Towards South Asia and the Middle East (London: Macmillan, 1990), pp. 141–156.Google Scholar
  2. 3.
    Leszek Buszynski, ‘Russia and the Asia-Pacific Region,’ Asian Survey, p. 489. Also see Ramesh Thakur, ‘The Impact of Soviet Collapse on Military Relations With India,’ Europe-Asia Studies, Vol. 45, No. 5, 1993, p. 832.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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    Robert Brodnock, India’s Foreign Policy Since 1971 (London: Royal Institute of International Affairs, 1990), p. 88.Google Scholar
  4. 13.
    Charles Ziegler, ‘Russia in the Asia Pacific,’ Asian Survey, Vol. 34, No. 6, June 1994, pp. 530–531.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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    K. Subrahmanya, ‘Indo-Russian Ties: Challenges of Transformation,’ Link, January 24, 1993, pp. 4–5.Google Scholar
  6. 18.
    Jyotirmoy Bannerjee, ‘Implications for Asia Pacific Security: The Russian Enigma,’ Asian Survey, Vol. 34, No. 6, June 1994.Google Scholar

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© Hafeez Malik 1997

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  • Maya Chadda

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