• Dick Leonard


‘The disadvantage of free elections,’ V. M. Molotov (the Soviet Foreign Minister in 1946) remarked to Ernest Bevin, ‘is that you can never be sure who is going to win them.’


Electoral System Opinion Poll Proportional Representation Political Parti Incumbent Party 
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Notes and References

  1. 1.
    See C. Seymour, Electoral Reform in England and Wales (New Haven, 1915);Google Scholar
  2. H. L. Morris, Parliamentary Franchise Reform in England from 1885 to 1918 (New York, 1921);Google Scholar
  3. D. E. Butler, The Electoral System in Britain since 1918 (Oxford University Press, 1963).Google Scholar
  4. 2.
    See John P. Mackintosh, The Government and Politics of Britain (London: Hutchinson, 1977);Google Scholar
  5. R. M. Punnett, British Government and Politics (London: Heinemann, 1976),Google Scholar
  6. J. Harvey and L. Bather, The British Constitution (London: Macmillan, 1964).Google Scholar
  7. 3.
    See Vernon Bogdanor and David Butler (eds), Democracy and Elections: Electoral Systems and their Political Consequences (Cambridge University Press, 1983);Google Scholar
  8. David Butler, Howard R. Penniman and Austin Ranney (eds), Democracy at the Polls: A Comparative Study of Competitive National Elections (Washington DC: American Enterprise Institute, 1981);Google Scholar
  9. Dick Leonard and Richard Natkiel, World Atlas of Elections (London: Economist Publishing Company, 1986);Google Scholar
  10. Richard Rose (ed.), Electoral Behavior: A Comparative Handbook (New York: The Free Press, 1974).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Dick Leonard 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • Dick Leonard

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