The Soviet Union and Finland after the War, 1944–53

  • Jukka Nevakivi


Stalin’s attitude to Finland was a rather controversial one. In order to make the Finns bow to his demands he allowed the Red Army to invade the country in November 1939. He was by then using the invitation by a Soviet-installed ‘Finnish People’s Government’ led by O.V. Kuusinen to camouflage this aggression as an act of international solidarity assisting Finnish ‘Democrats’ in distress. But as the Finns resisted and as the Western powers appeared to intervene in the resulting Winter War, the Kremlin dropped the puppet cabinet and negotiated a peace treaty with the Government in Helsinki.1


Communist Party Foreign Affair Peace Treaty Mutual Assistance Soviet Policy 


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  1. 2.
    Sir L. Woodward, British Foreign Policy in the Second World War, Vol. 3 (London: 1971) p. 130.Google Scholar
  2. 8.
    M. Djilas, Conversations with Stalin (London: 1962) p. 104.Google Scholar
  3. 14.
    According to the passage of the memoirs of Marshal Meretskov as quoted in A.A. Komarov’s paper ‘Finland’s Withdrawal from the Second World War’, in J. Nevakivi (ed.), Finnish-Soviet Relations 1944–1948 — Papers of the Seminar organized in Helsinki, March 21–25, 1994, by the Department of Political History, University of Helsinki, in cooperation with the Institute of Universal History, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow (Helsinki: 1994) p. 35, note 25.Google Scholar
  4. 15.
    RTsKhIDNI, f. 77, op. 3, d. 41, 1. 1. Moreover, see the Article 2 of the Armistice Agreement: the text in T. Polvinen, Between East and West — Finland in International Politics 1944–1947 (Minneapolis, Mn.: 1986) p. 289.Google Scholar
  5. 17.
    See, for example, K.A. Meretskov, Na sluzhbe naroda. Stranitsy vospominanii (Moscow: 1969) p. 324.Google Scholar
  6. 30.
    Quoted by Y. Leino in his memoires, Kommunisti sisäministerinä (Helsinki: 1991) p. 101.Google Scholar
  7. 35.
    A.B. Ulam, The Communists — The Story of Power and Lost Illusions: 1948–1991 (New York: 1992) p. 23.Google Scholar
  8. 37.
    J.H. Magill, Tasavalta tulikokeessa — Muistelmia Suomesta kuuman ja kylmän sodan vuosilta (Mikkeli: 1981) pp. 117–19.Google Scholar

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© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 1996

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  • Jukka Nevakivi

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