Labour Constraints on Saudi Business Development

  • J. W. WrightJr
  • Hani Khashoggi
  • Christopher Vaughn


Labor mobility is now a fact of life, migrant Managers soon may become as common as migrant workers as business globalizes and local loyalties decline.2


Saudi Arabia Arab Country Human Resource Development Islamic Banking Foreign Labour 
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Notes and References

  1. 1.
    This chapter represents a blending of information presented by Dr Khashoggi and research written by Christopher Vaughn, with assistance from J. W. Wright, Jr. See Hani Khashoggi, ‘Manpower Limitations and Effective Public Policy in Middle Eastern Countries’, Journal of King Saud University: Administrative Sciences, (1410/1990) vol. 2, pp. 127–141; Marwan Abu Jaber and Christopher Vaughn, ‘Jordan’s Rentier-by-Proxy Economic Agenda: Recent Changes, Observations and Prospects for the Future’, in Democracy in the Middle East: Proceedings of the 1992 Annual Conference, St Andrews; St Andrews University (1992), pp. 644–56; and Christopher Vaughn, Jordano-Saudi Labour Relations: A System of Human Capital Migration and Repatriation’, BA Thesis, Washington College, 1993.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Rosenbeth Kanther, ‘Globalism/Localism: A New Human Resource Agenda’, Harvard Business Review, vol. 69, no. 2 (March-April 1991), p. 9.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Robin Cohen, Contested Domains: Debates in International Labor Studies (London: Zed Books, 1991), p. 4.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Gijsbert van Lient, ‘Economic Globalization: Labour Options and Business Strategies in High Labour Cost Countries’, International Labor, vol. 131 (1992), pp. 4–5.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Michael Humphrey, ‘The Political Economy of Population Movements in the Middle East’, Middle East Report, vol. 181, no. 2 (April/March 1993), pp. 2–9.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Frank J. Mirkow, ‘The Nature of Saudi Strategic Planning: The Implications for American Foreign Policy’, The Fletcher Forum, Winter, 1993, pp. 157–65.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Vaughn and Abu Jaber, op. cit.; Ataul Haq Pamanik, ‘Human Resource Development in the Context of Some Resource-rich, Education Poor and Resource-poor, education-rich Developing Countries’, Economic Growth and Human Resource Development in Islamic Perspective (Herndon, VA: International Institute for Islamic Thought, 1993). Also see J. W. Wright, ‘Islamic Banking in Practice, Problems in Jordan & Saudi Arabia’, The University of Durham Arab and Islamic Studies Occassional Papers Series, 1996.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    John R. Presley and Rodney Wilson, Banking in the Arab Gulf (London: Macmillan, 1991), pp. 18–21.Google Scholar
  9. 11.
    Anne Marie Weiss-Armush, ‘ Women in Saudi Society’, in A. Al-Sweel and J. W. Wright, Jr. (eds), Saudi Arabia: Tradition and Transition (Michigan: Hayden-McNiel Publishers, 1993), pp. 101–117.Google Scholar
  10. 12.
    The World Bank, World Bank Report (New York: Oxford University Press, 1988), p. 283.Google Scholar
  11. 15.
    Muhammad Suliman A. Al-Sakran, ‘Factors Associated with Saudi’s Participation in the Agricultural Labor Force in the Al-Zulfi Region of Saudi Arabia’, unpublished master’s thesis, Iowa State University, 1988), p. 3.Google Scholar
  12. 16.
    Al-Ghanim, op. cit., p. 12; Saleh Ahmed Tawi, ‘The impact of Expatriate Workers on the Economy in Saudi Arabia: Compatible General Equilibrium Results’, unpublished Ph.D. thesis, Oklahoma State University, (1984).Google Scholar
  13. 19.
    John R. Presley, ‘Development Issues in Saudi Arabia’, Address to the Washington College Middle East Symposium, April 1993.Google Scholar
  14. 20.
    Glynn Cochrone, ‘Politics for Strengthening Local Government in Developing Countries’, World Bank Staff Working Paper No. 584 (Washington, DC: The World Bank, 1983).Google Scholar
  15. 21.
    L. D. Stifel, Education and Training for Public Management in Developing Countries (New York; Rockfeller Education Foundation, 1977); S. Paul, Managing Development Programs: The Lessons of Success (Boulder: Westview Press, 1982; S. Paul, Training for Public Administration and Management in Developing Countries: A Review’, World Bank Staff Working Paper No. 584 (Washington, DC: The World Bank, 1983).Google Scholar
  16. 23.
    The Manpower Council, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, The Sixth Annual Report (Riyadh: The Manpower Council, 1989), p. 13.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Saudi Arabian Cultural Mission to the United States 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. W. WrightJr
  • Hani Khashoggi
  • Christopher Vaughn

There are no affiliations available

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