Advertisement

President Bush: American Democracy and the End of the Cold War

  • John Dumbrell
Chapter
  • 25 Downloads
Part of the American History in Depth book series (AHD)

Abstract

What people mean, when they say we worry about a Vietnam, is they don’t want to put this nation through a long drawn-out inconclusive experience that had military action that just ended up with a kind of totally unsatisfactory answer…. I will not, as commander-in-chief, ever put somebody into a military situation that we do not win — ever. And there’s not going to be any long drawn-out agony of Vietnam.1

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Note

  1. 1.
    Cited in R. Rose, The Postmodern President: George Bush Meets the Worl? (Chatham: Chatham House, 1991) p. 334.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    M. Mandelbaum, ‘The Bush Foreign Policy’, Foreign Affair?, 70 (1990–1) 5–22, p. 5.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    See S. Blumenthal, Pledging Allegiance: The Last Campaign of the Cold Wa? (New York: Harper and Collins, 1990).Google Scholar
  4. 6.
    See, for example, P.C. Light, Vice-Presidential Powe? (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1984) pp. 265–70.Google Scholar
  5. 7.
    Cited in R.L. Garthoff, The Great Transition: American-Soviet Relations and the End of the Cold Wa? (Washington DC: Brookings, 1994) p. 128.Google Scholar
  6. 8.
    B.A. Rockman, ‘The Leadership Style of George Bush’, in C. Campbell and B.A. Rockman, eds, The Bush Presidency: First Appraisal? (Chatham: Chatham House, 1991) p. 17.Google Scholar
  7. 10.
    M. Thatcher, The Downing Street Year? (London: Harper Collins, 1993) p. 783.Google Scholar
  8. 11.
    N. Polsby in ‘IGS Panel Assesses Bush Administration’, Public Affairs Repor?, September 1990.Google Scholar
  9. 12.
    W.D. Burnham, ‘The Legacy of George Bush: Travails of an Understudy’, in G.M. Pomper et al?, The Election of199? (Chatham: Chatham House, 1993), p. 32.Google Scholar
  10. 13.
    See J.M. Scolnick, ‘The Bush Approach to American Foreign Policy’, in J.E. Winkates et al?, eds, US Foreign Policy in Transitio? (Chicago: Nelson-Hall, 1994)Google Scholar
  11. C.W. Kegley, ‘The Bush Administration and the Future of Foreign Policy: Pragmatism or Procrastination?’, Presidential Studies Quarterl?, 19 (1989) 710–22.Google Scholar
  12. 14.
    M. Duffy and D. Goodgame, Marching in Place: The Status Quo Presidency of George Bus? (New York: Simon and Schuster, 1992) p. 40.Google Scholar
  13. 17.
    M. Duffy and D. Goodgame, Marching in Plac? (New York: Simon and Schuster, 1992) p. 139.Google Scholar
  14. 18.
    P. Calvert, The International Politics of Latin Americ? (Manchester: Manchester University Press, 1994) p. 176.Google Scholar
  15. 20.
    C. Maechling, ‘Washington’s Illegal Invasion’, Foreign Polic?, 79 (1990) 113–31, p. 123.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 21.
    Ibid., p. 124. See also J. Dinges, Our Man in Panama: The Shrewd Rise and Brutal Fall of Manuel Norieg? (New York: Random House. 1991).Google Scholar
  17. 22.
    22., 23 Dec. 1989, pp. 3532–5. See also L. Fisher, ‘Congressional Checks on Military Initiatives’, Political Science Quarterl?, 109 (1994–5) 739–62.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 23.
    R.A. Pastor, Whirlpoo?, (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1992) p. 94.Google Scholar
  19. 24.
    See R.L. Millett, ‘The Aftermath of Intervention: Panama 1990’, Journal of InterAmerican Studies and World Affair?, 32 (1990) 1–15.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 29.
    See L. Diamond, ‘Promoting Democracy’, Foreign Polic?, 87 (1992) 25–40.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 32.
    See Pastor, Whirlpoo?, p. 87. Also, D. Ryan, US-Sandinista Diplomatic Relations: Voice of Intoleranc? (London: Macmillan, 1995) chs 7–8.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 34.
    See D.N. Farnsworth, ‘The United States Again Confronts the Americas’, in J.E. Winkates et al?, US Foreign Policy in Transitio? (Chicago: Nelson-Hall, 1994).Google Scholar
  23. 35.
    P. Hollingworth, ‘Colombia: Modernity and the Drugs’, The World Toda?, 47 (1991) 90–2, p. 92.Google Scholar
  24. 36.
    See W.A. Nitze, ‘Swords into Ploughshares: Agendas for Change in the Developing World’, International Affair?, 69 (1993) 39–53.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 37.
    M. Nairn, ‘Latin America: Post-Adjustment Blues’, Foreign Polic?, 92 (1993) 133–50, p. 134.Google Scholar
  26. See also A. Hurrell, ‘Latin America in the New World Order’, International Affair?, 68 (1992) 121–39.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 38.
    A.L. Horelick, ‘US-Soviet Relations: Threshold of a New Era’, Foreign Affair?, 69 (1989–90) 51–69, p. 56.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 39.
    See M.R. Beschloss and S. Talbott, At the Highest Levels: The Inside Story of the End of the Cold Wa? (Boston: Little, Brown, 1993) p. 47.Google Scholar
  29. 41.
    Cited in M. Cox, ‘From Superpower Detente to Entente Cordiale? Soviet-US Relations, 1989–90’, in B. George, ed., Jane’s NATO Handboo? (Surrey: Jane’s Information Group, 1990) p. 279.Google Scholar
  30. 48.
    Beschloss and Talbott, At the Highest Level?, pp. 50–6; P. Williams and C. Miller, ‘The Bush Administration’s Foreign Policy Review’, in M. Pugh and P. Williams, eds, Superpower Politics: Change in the United States and the Soviet Unio? (Manchester: Manchester University Press, 1990)Google Scholar
  31. G.T. Allison, ‘Testing Gorbachev’, Foreign Affair?, 67 (1988) 18–32.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 53.
    See S. Smith ‘US Defence: The Reagan Legacy and the Bush Predicament’, in Pugh and Williams, eds, Superpower Politic?; G. Adams and S.A. Cain, ‘Defense Dilemmas in the 1990s’, International Securit?, 13 (1989) 5–15.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 55.
    N. Hawkes, ed., Tearing down the Curtai? (London: Hodder and Stoughton, 1990) pp. 119–20.Google Scholar
  34. See also G. Stokes, The Walls Came Tumbling Down: The Collapse of Communism in Eastern Europ? (New York: Oxford University Press, 1993).Google Scholar
  35. 70.
    Cited in M. Cox, ‘East-West Relations in a Year of Uncertainty’, in B. George, ed., Jane’s NATO Handboo? (Surrey: Jane’s Information Group, 1991) p. 332.Google Scholar
  36. See also G. Allison and R. Blackwill, ‘America’s Stake in the Soviet Future’, Foreign Affair?, 70 (1991) 81–98.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. 71.
    CQW?, 8 December 1990, p. 4087. See also M. Brement, ‘Reaching Out to Moscow’, Foreign Polic?, 80 (1990) 56–76.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. 72.
    See Beschloss and Talbott, At the Highest Level?, p. 418. Also, M. Almond, Europe’s Backyard War: The War in the Balkan? (London: Mandarin, 1994) p. 36.Google Scholar
  39. 74.
    C. Krauthammer, ‘The Unipolar Moment’, Foreign Affair?, 70 (1990–1) 5–33.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. See also C. Layne, ‘The Unipolar Illusion’, in S.M. Lynn-Jones and S.E. Miller, eds, The Cold War and After: Prospects for Peac? (London: MIT Press, 1993).Google Scholar
  41. 79.
    See C. Bluh, ‘American—Russian Strategic Relations: From Confrontation to Cooperation?’, The World Toda?, March 1993, 47–51.Google Scholar
  42. 81.
    See H. Adomeit, ‘Russia as a “Great Power” in World Affairs: Images and Reality’, International Affair?, 71 (1995) 35–68, p. 45.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. 82.
    See, for example, M.J. Hogan, ed., The End of the Cold War: Its Meaning and Implication? (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1992)Google Scholar
  44. A. Lynch, The Cold War is Over — Agai? (Boulder: Westview Press, 1992)Google Scholar
  45. J.L. Gaddis, The United States and the End of the Cold Wa? (New York: Oxford University Press, 1992Google Scholar
  46. M.P. Leffler and D.S. Painter, eds, Origins of the Cold War: An International Histor? (London: Routledge, 1994).Google Scholar
  47. 84.
    On ‘double containment’, see C. Layne and B. Schwarz, ‘American Hegemony — Without an Enemy’, Foreign Polic?, 92 (1993) 5–21CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. M.P. Leffler, A Preponderance of Powe? (Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1992)Google Scholar
  49. M.P. Leffler and D.S. Painter, eds, Origins of The Cold Wa? (London: Routledge, 1994).Google Scholar
  50. 85.
    See M. Kaldor, The Imaginary War: Was There an East—West Conflic? (Oxford: Blackwell, 1990)Google Scholar
  51. T.J. McCormick, America’s Half-Century: United States Foreign Policy in the Cold Wa? (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1989)Google Scholar
  52. N. Chomsky, Towards a New Cold Wa? (New York: Pantheon Books, 1982)Google Scholar
  53. M. Kaldor, ‘After the Cold War’, New Left Revie?, 180 (1990) 25–40;Google Scholar
  54. M. Cox, ‘Radical Theory and the New Cold War’, in M. Bowker and R. Brown, eds, From Cold War to Collapse: Theory and World Politics in the 1980? (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1993).Google Scholar
  55. 86.
    J.L. Gaddis, ‘The Long Peace’, in Lynn-Jones and Miller, eds, The Cold War and Afte? pp. 42, 44; J.L. Gaddis, The Long Peace: Inquiries into the History of the Cold Wa? (New York: Oxford University Press, 1982).Google Scholar
  56. 87.
    See J. Dumbrell, The Making of US Foreign Polic? (Manchester: Manchester University Press, 1990) pp. 19–21.Google Scholar
  57. 88.
    See K.N. Waltz, Theory of International Politic? (New York: Random House, 1979) (for example, p. 173).Google Scholar
  58. 89.
    See S.D. Krasner, Defending the National Interes? (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1978)Google Scholar
  59. A.L. George, P.J. Farley and A. Dallin, eds, US-Soviet Security Cooperation: Achievements, Failures, Lesson? (New York: Oxford University Press, 1988).Google Scholar
  60. 90.
    J.J. Meirsheimer, The Atlanti?, August 1990.Google Scholar
  61. 91.
    See R. Jervis, Perception and Misperception in International Politic? (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1976).Google Scholar
  62. 92.
    Washington Pos?, 28 September 1991. On ‘imperial overreach’, see P. Kennedy, The Rise and Fall of the Great Power? (London: Unwin Hyman, 1988).Google Scholar
  63. 94.
    M. Cox, ‘From the Truman Doctrine to the Second Superpower Detente: The Rise and Fall of the Cold War’, Journal of Peace Researc?, 27 (1990) 25–41, p. 30.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  64. 95.
    Lynch, The Cold War is Over — Agai?, p. 56. See also M. Cox, ‘Rethinking the End of the Cold War’, Review of International Studie?, 20 (1994) 187–200.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  65. 96.
    F. Halliday, Rethinking International Relation? (London: Macmillan, 1994) p. 215.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  66. 97.
    F. Fukuyama, ‘The End of History’, The National Interes?, 16 (1989) 3–18.Google Scholar
  67. 98.
    For alternative views, see A. Filitov, ‘Victory in the Postwar Era: Despite the Cold War or Because of it?’, in Hogan, ed., The End of the Cold Wa?; R. Crockatt, The Fifty Years Wa? (London: Routledge, 1995) pp. 356–66.Google Scholar
  68. 99.
    A.J.P. Taylor, The Russian Wa? (eds, D. Mrazkova and V. Remes) (London: Cape, 1978) p. 11.Google Scholar
  69. 100.
    See J.J. Mearsheimer, ‘Back to the Future’, International Securit?, 15 (1990) 48–61.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  70. On ‘nuclear learning’, see J.S. Nye, ‘Nuclear Learning and US-Soviet Security Regimes’, International Organizatio?, 41 (1987) 371–402; M. Bundy, Danger and Surviva? (New York: Random House, 1988); M. Trachtenberg, ‘The Past and Future of Arms Control’, Daedelu?, 120 (1991) 203–16.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  71. M. Bundy, Danger and Surviva? (New York: Random House, 1988)Google Scholar
  72. M. Trachtenberg, ‘The Past and Future of Arms Control’, Daedelu?, 120 (1991) 203–16.Google Scholar
  73. 101.
    J. Mueller, Retreat From Doomsday: The Obsolescence of Major Wa? (New York: Basic Books, 1989).See also Gaddis, The United States and the End of the Cold Wa?, pp. 105–18.Google Scholar
  74. 102.
    T. Schelling, The Strategy of Conflic? (Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press, 1960) p. 187.Google Scholar
  75. See also S.D. Sagan, The Limits of Safety: Organizations, Accidents and Nuclear Weapon? (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1993).Google Scholar
  76. 103.
    See C. Andrew and O. Gordievsky, KGB: The Inside Stor? (New York: Harper Collins, 1990) p. 150.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© John Dumbrell 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • John Dumbrell
    • 1
  1. 1.Keele UniversityUK

Personalised recommendations