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Self-Determination: A Consideration of the Present and a Glimpse into the Future

  • Michael Kirby
Chapter

Abstract

I was perhaps the first, at a United Nations meeting, to predict the dissolution of the Soviet Union.

Keywords

Indigenous People Security Council International Peace Minority People International Covenant 
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Notes

  1. 1.
    Declaration of Independence of the United States of America. See also M. Kirby, “Peoples’ Rights and Self-Determination”, in A. E. S. Tay (ed.), Rights, Human Rights and the Rights of Peoples — a special issue of the Bulletin of the Australian Society of Legal Philosophy, 18 (61): p. 25 at 27 (1993).Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    See C. Tomuschat, “Self-Determination in a Post-Colonial World”, in C. Tomuschat (ed.), Modern Law of Self-Determination (Dordrecht: Kluwer, 1993), p. 1. The resolution is 1524 (XV).Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    (1971) 16 International Court of Justice Reports 31.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    (1975) 12 International Court of Justice Reports 31ff.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    H. Hannum, “Rethinking Self-Determination”, (1993) 34 Va J. Int Law 1 at 5.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    M. Koskenniemi, “National Self-Determination Today: Problems of Legal Theory and Practice”, (1994) 43 ICLQ 241, at 245.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Ibid., at 246.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    R. Y. Jennings and A. Watts (eds), Oppenheim’s International Law, 9th edn, vol. 1 (London: Longman, 1992), at 715. This point is made by J. Crawford, “Democracy in International Law” (Inaugural Lecture, Cambridge, 1993), at 10.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Koskenniemi, supra, note 6, at 264.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    See Crawford, supra, note 8.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    R. Falk, “The Content of Self-Determination” in R. McCorquodale and N. Orosz (eds), Tibet: The Position in International Law (London: Serindia, 1994), at 81.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Ibid., at 82.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
  14. 14.
    Koskenniemi, supra, note 6, at 252.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    A. Etzioni, “The Evils of Self-Determination”, (1992–3) 89 Foreign Policy 21 at 21.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    H. Hannum, supra, note 5, at 25, where the reservation by the Government of India is noted, as are the formal objections thereto of the Netherlands and of Germany. See also Tomuschat, supra, note 2, at 3.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Koskenniemi, supra, note 6, at 260.Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Ibid., at 250.Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    R. S. White, “Self-Determination, Time for a Re-assessment?”, (1981) 28 Netherlands Int. L Rev. 147.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Etzioni, supra, note 15.Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    For example, see Amnesty International, Indonesia and East Timor — Power and Impunity (London, 1994) esp. 110ff.Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Koskenniemi, supra, note 6, at 258.Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    UNESCO, Report of the Meeting of Experts on Further Study of the Rights of Peoples, Paris, February 1990. The description of a “people” provided by the experts is found in McCorquodale and Orosz, supra, note 11, at 145. Cf. Mandla (Sewa Singh) v. Dowell Lee & Ors, [1983] 2 AC 548 (H.L.) at 562.Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    For example, see P. Macklem, “Indigenous Peoples and the Canadian Constitution: Lessons for Australia?” (1994) 5 Public Law Rev. 11. See also Mabo v. Queensland [No. 2] (1992), 175 Cth. Law Reps 1 (High Ct of Aust.).Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    See Davis et al., “Proceedings of the Conference on African-Americans and the Right to Self-Determination” in (1993) 17 Hamline L. Rev. 1.Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    Koskenniemi, supra, note 6, at 246.Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    Ibid., at 256.Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    United Nations, Boutros Boutros-Ghali, An Agenda for Peace, UN Doc. A/47/277; S/24111 (17 June 1994), at 5 (Paris 17–19). See also Koskenniemi, supra, note 6, at 256ff.Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    See International League for the Rights and Liberation of Peoples, Report on LIDLIP’s Activities at the 46th Session of the Sub-Commission on Prevention of Discrimination and Protection of Minorities and the Working Group on Indigenous Populations, Geneva, July–August 1994. See also C. Meindersma, “Legal Issues Surrounding Population Transfers in Conflict Situations”, (1994) 41 Netherlands Int. L Rev. 31.Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    Hannum, supra, note 5, at 69.Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    The new Premier of Québec, Mr J. Parizeau, in his first press conference after the 1994 provincial election, announced the intention to conduct a referendum on the separation of Québec in 1995. See The Age (Melbourne) 16 September 1994, p. 9.Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    Tomuschat, supra, note 2.Google Scholar
  33. 33.
    Hannum, supra, note 5, at 67.Google Scholar
  34. 34.
    Tomuschat, supra, note 2, at 20.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • Michael Kirby

There are no affiliations available

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