The Young Communists and the Popular Front, 1935–39
Hitler’s seizure of power was a severe blow to the KIM, whose main activists in Western Europe were German. The German League was almost immediately dissolved. Soon the fascist grip on Europe forced Stalin to abandon the strategy that had presented Social Democracy as ‘the principal enemy of the working class’. Instead his aim now was to seek collaboration with it. The future of the Communist Revolution was at stake, and the interests of the Soviet Union at last seemed to coincide with those of the West.
KeywordsCommunist Party Labour Party Socialist Party Front Organization Youth Organization
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Notes and References
- 1.Annie Kriegel, Les communistes français, ( Point/Poche: Seuil, 1970 ), p. 62.Google Scholar
- 12.See Pierre Boisson, Second Anniversary of the United Socialist Youth of Belgium, in World Youth Review, no. 1 (January 1939), p. 17.Google Scholar
- 13.Heinrich Eppe, The Power of Solidarity: Eighty Years of Socialist Youth International ( Bonn/Vienna: IUSY, 1987 ), p. 62.Google Scholar
- 14.Ibid., p. 64, and Radomir Luza, History of the International Socialist Movement ( Leyden: Sijhoff, 1970 ), p. 53.Google Scholar
- 15.George Orwell, The Lion and the Unicorn ( London: Gollancz, 1941 ), p. 95.Google Scholar
- 30.See Marian (Wilbraham) Slingova, Truth will Prevail, ( London, Merlin Press 1968 ); and interview with the author. In 1941 she married the brilliant young Ota Sling (Vaclav Nosek, the future Czech minister of the interior, prepared their marriage dinner). Sling was a veteran of the Spanish Civil War; after the war he became regional secretary of the Czech Communist Party in Brno. At the time of the Slansky trial, however, he was accused of being a Zionist agent and was hanged on 3 December 1952. As for Marian Wilbraham, having lost her children and her British nationality by marrying a foreigner, she then spent nearly ten years in a Czech prison. Neither John Gollan, who had in the meantime become secretary of the British Communist Party, nor her best friend Margot Gale could do anything for this woman, who now lives in London.Google Scholar
- 40.Richard Cornell, Youth and Communism: A Historical Analysis of the International Communist Youth Movements ( New York: Walker, 1965 ), pp. 67–8.Google Scholar
- 42.Leslie Gould, American Youth Today ( New York: Random House, 1940 ), p. 25.Google Scholar