The Great American Counteroffensive

  • Jöel Kotek
Part of the St Antony’s Series book series


This chapter will examine how it came about that the CIA built up a network of secret financial channels and confidential contacts to help youth and student organizations; why it was given responsibility for the International Student Conference (ISC) and the World Assembly of Youth (WAY); and why these bodies were not financed openly by the State Department or by other Western governments. It is clear that finance was badly needed: the ISC and the WAY were close to bankruptcy.


Trade Union Academic Freedom National Union Student Organization Student Affair 
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Notes and References

  1. 14.
    John Ranelagh, The Agency. The Rise and Decline of the CIA ( London: Sceptre pocket books, 1987 ).Google Scholar
  2. 17.
    Richard G. Stearns, ‘We were wrong’, Mademoiselle, August 1967.Google Scholar
  3. 18.
    Ray S. Kline, Secrets, Spies, and Scholars. Blueprint of the essential CIA ( Washington: Acropolis Books, 1976 ), p. 102.Google Scholar
  4. 23.
    Cord Mayer, Facing Reality. From World Federalism to the CIA ( New York: Harper and Row, 1980 ).Google Scholar
  5. 24.
    Treverton, The limit of Intervention in the Post-War World ( New York: Basic Books, 1987 ), p. 40.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Jöel Kotek 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jöel Kotek
    • 1
  1. 1.Centre d’études en recherches internales et stratégiquesL’ université libre de BruxellesBelgium

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