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Integration and Disintegration: An Approach to Society-Formation

  • Joel S. Migdal
Chapter

Abstract

Internal wars and other forms of instability have taken millions of lives in ‘Third World’ countries since the Second World War. The Cold War fuelled many of these conflicts, but the end of that prolonged stand-off did not bring a respite from continuing tension, even outright slaughter, in numerous internal disputes in Africa and Asia. And new political and communal violence has since flared in hot spots throughout the former communist countries. How can we understand domestic conflict in a broad comparative framework? While every set of tensions holds its own distinctive grudges and sparks, a state-society approach helps us discern some of the key obstacles in establishing an accepted set of rules for peaceful resolution of disputes within a country.

Keywords

Social Control Social Force Comparative International Development Communal Violence State Leader 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Notes

  1. 1.
    By domination, I refer to the ability to gain obedience through the power of command. Weber used such a designation for domination in Wirtschaft und Gesellschaft. See Max Rheinstein, (ed.), Weber on Law in Economy and Society (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1954), pp. 322–37.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Liah Greenfeld and Michel Martin, (eds), Centre: Ideas and Institutions (Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press, 1988), p. viii.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    See E.P. Thompson, ‘Eighteenth-Century English Society: Class Struggle without Class?’ Social History, 3, (May 1978), p. 150.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Gareth Stedman Jones, Languages of Class: Studies in English Working Class History, 1832–1982 (New York: Cambridge University Press, 1983), pp. 7–8.Google Scholar
  5. Thompson’s The Poverty of Theory and Other Essays (New York: Monthly Review Press, 1978), p. 255.Google Scholar
  6. 4.
    Arenas of domination and opposition thus differ in some fundamental respects from Lowi’s arenas of power. Such arenas of power, he writes, include ‘events, issues, and leadership [which should] be studied within defined areas of governmental activity. These areas are, in effect, the functions of government defined more broadly than a single agency, more narrowly than government with a single political process.’ Theodore J. Lowi, At the Pleasure of the Mayor: Patronage and Power in New York City, 1898–1958 (New York: Free Press, 1964), p. 139.Google Scholar
  7. 5.
    Joel S. Migdal, ‘The State in Society: An Approach to Struggles for Domination’ in Migdal, Atul Kohli, and Vivienne Shue, State Power and Social Forces: Domination and Transformation in the Third World (New York: Cambridge University Press, 1994).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 6.
    Eugen Weber, Peasants into Frenchmen: The Modernization of Rural France 1870–1914 (Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 1976).Google Scholar
  9. 7.
    For a related but more restricted view, see David L. Blaney and Mustapha Kamal Pasha, ‘Civil Society and Democracy in the Third World: Ambiguities and Historical Possibilities’, Studies in Comparative International Development, 28 (spring 1993), pp. 3–24.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© The Netherlands Ministry of Foreign Affairs (DGIS)/The Netherlands Institute of International Relations Clingendael 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • Joel S. Migdal

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