This chapter provides a basic introduction to the way in which sociology explores and makes sense of our behaviour and our society. It challenges those accounts of social behaviour that explain it in terms of simply biological, psychological or merely individual predispositions. We try to show how our sense of who we are is constructed through interaction with others yet also constrained by society. We also introduce some key themes which figure in sociological analysis today: modernity and globalisation, identity and postmodernity. These are explored more fully in subsequent chapters.
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