People’s Republic of China
Although there is a national police force in the People’s Republic of China, known as the Public Security Agency, the country has special features which make an analysis of policing more difficult than in earlier chapters. Some of these distinguishing features are China’s sheer vastness, national diversity, economic under-development and the geographic remoteness and isolation of much of its population. China covers 6.6 per cent of the earth’s total land mass, has borders with twelve countries running 20000km in length and has 20 per cent of the world’s population. Among its citizens there are 56 different nationalities and five main language groups. Although the Han Chinese are the largest group (representing 93.3 per cent of the total population in 1982) ethnic divisions are complicated by a rural—urban divide, with the remaining 55 nationalities dispersed over 60 per cent of the total area of the country.
KeywordsChinese Communist Party Cultural Revolution Public Security Mass Organisation Public Order
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