People’s Republic of China

  • John D. Brewer
  • Adrian Guelke
  • Ian Hume
  • Edward Moxon-Browne
  • Rick Wilford

Abstract

Although there is a national police force in the People’s Republic of China, known as the Public Security Agency, the country has special features which make an analysis of policing more difficult than in earlier chapters. Some of these distinguishing features are China’s sheer vastness, national diversity, economic under-development and the geographic remoteness and isolation of much of its population. China covers 6.6 per cent of the earth’s total land mass, has borders with twelve countries running 20000km in length and has 20 per cent of the world’s population. Among its citizens there are 56 different nationalities and five main language groups. Although the Han Chinese are the largest group (representing 93.3 per cent of the total population in 1982) ethnic divisions are complicated by a rural—urban divide, with the remaining 55 nationalities dispersed over 60 per cent of the total area of the country.

Keywords

Europe Transportation Income Hunt Volatility 

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Notes

  1. 2.
    See: T. Bowden, Beyond the Limits of the Law, (1978)Google Scholar
  2. J.P. Brady, ‘The Transformation of Justice Under Socialism: The Contrasting Experience of Cuba and China’ (1981) 5–24Google Scholar
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  5. 3.
    Peng Zhen, ‘Importance of Improving China’s Legislation’ (1984) 16–17.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Detailed in People’s Republic of China Year Book (Beijing: Xinhua Publishing House, 1982).Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    For evidence of this see, for example, an interview with the then Minister for Public Security, Ruan Chongwu, ‘Minister on Social Order in China’ (1986) 12–16.Google Scholar
  8. 9.
    R. Ward and D.H. Bracey, ‘Police Training and Professionalism in the People’s Republic of China’ (1985) 36–8.Google Scholar
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    E. Johnson, ‘Neighbourhood Police in the People’s Republic of China’ (1984) 8–12.Google Scholar
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    This is reported in T. Saich, China: Politics and Government (1981) pp. 160–85 passim. See also The Criminal Law of the People’s Republic of China (Beijing: Foreign Languages Press, 1984).Google Scholar
  11. 15.
    This structure is detailed in M.K. Whyte and W.L. Parish, Urban Life in Contemporary China (1984) pp. 18–23; 288.Google Scholar
  12. 21.
    B. Womack, ‘Modernisation and Democratic Reform in China’ (1983) 417–260.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© John D. Brewer, Adrian Guelke, Ian Hume, Edward Moxon-Browne and Rick Wilford 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • John D. Brewer
    • 1
  • Adrian Guelke
    • 1
  • Ian Hume
    • 2
  • Edward Moxon-Browne
    • 3
  • Rick Wilford
    • 1
  1. 1.The Queen’s University of BelfastUK
  2. 2.WalesUK
  3. 3.University of LimerickIreland

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