The National Health Service (NHS) was established in 1948 to deliver health care according to clinical need and irrespective of an individual’s ability to pay for it. Essentially, it is funded by central government out of general taxation and is free at the point of use, but government is not the employer. District health authorities (DHAs) and family health service authorities (FHSAs), which are merging, and health service trusts are the employers of over one million staff working in the NHS, although most general practitioners, dentists and opticians, are self-employed.
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.