Music and State Control



Tenure of the portfolio of the Ministry of Education in the local government of Thuringia in 1930 gave the National Socialists their first and only opportunity to exercise some direct control over German musical life during the Weimar Republic. This control was necessarily limited, in that the Nazis shared power in a coalition with other Right-wing parties which survived only until the Spring of 1931. Nonetheless, the term of office was sufficient for the Nazis to instigate a programme of censorship of musical life in the province which was to have considerable impact and influence over cultural activities throughout Germany in the coming years. It also offered an unequivocal portent of the kind of policy that might be initiated once the Nazis were in control of national government.


Party Organisation Music Profession Cultural Affair Weimar Republic Music Festival 
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Notes and References

  1. 1.
    Reinhard Bollmuss, Das Amt Rosenberg und seine Gegner (Stuttgart, 1970), p.29.Google Scholar
  2. 3.
    See Fritz Stege, ‘Der neue musikpolitischen Kurs in Preussen’, ZfM March 1933, p.264, for the outline of Rust’s plans.Google Scholar
  3. 5.
    Max Butting, Musikgeschichte die ich miterlebte (Berlin, 1955), p.99.Google Scholar
  4. 6.
    Fritz Stege, ‘Aufruf an die deutsche Musikkritik’, ZfM, May 1933, pp.479–80.Google Scholar
  5. 11.
    Joseph Goebbels, Die Tagebücher von Joseph Goebbels (Munich, 1987), vol. 2, p.456.Google Scholar
  6. 16.
    E.B. Wheaton, Prelude to Calamity: The Nazi Revolution, 1933–1935 (New York, 1969), pp.415–16.Google Scholar
  7. 17.
    Heinz Ihlert, Die Reichsmusikkammer. Ziele, Leistungen und Organisation (Berlin, 1936), pp.16–17.Google Scholar
  8. 18.
    Hans Hinkel, Handbuch der Reichskulturkammer (Berlin, 1937), p.92.Google Scholar
  9. 20.
    Hildegard Brenner, Die Kunstpolitik des Nationalsozialismus (Reinbek, 1963), p.59.Google Scholar
  10. 23.
    Alfred Morgenroth (ed.), Von deutscher Tonkunst. Festschrift für Peter Raabe (Leipzig, 1942) pp.237–47.Google Scholar
  11. 28.
    Amtliche Mitteilungen, ZfM March 1939, p.331.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Erik Levi 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Royal HollowayUniversity of LondonUK

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