Executive-Legislative Relations and the Institutionalisation of Democracy
Several years after the installation of civilian governments via increasingly competitive electoral processes, Central America’s fledgling democratic systems have begun to face a new set of problems linked to the institutionalisation and consolidation of democracy. Over the last few years, conflict between the executive and legislative branches has been a feature of the political process. Debate has centred on a number of areas: the organisation, competencies and operation of the legislative branch; the feasibility of transforming the presidential system into a parliamentary or semi-parliamentary system; the need for reform and decentralisation of public administration, and the strengthening of municipal autonomy; together with the need for constitutional reforms, improvement of electoral systems and machinery for increasing citizen participation. In recent years Central America has experienced problems particular to this stage of democratic consolidation which have been expressed as demands and conflicts around the reform of political institutions. Never before in the history of the region have so many blueprints for institutional reform been debated in such a short time.
KeywordsCivil Society Political Party Political Institution Democratic Transition Governing Council
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